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Hypertensive crisis: causes, symptoms, first aid, prevention

Hypertensive crisis: causes, symptoms, first aid, prevention

Hypertensive crisis - a condition that is caused by high blood pressure.

Therefore, aid for hypertensive crisis should be provided urgently.

What are the causes of a crisis, and how to provide first aid to the patient with hypertensive crisis?

Causes of hypertensive crisis

Crisis develops at disease hypertension. Quite often, a hypertensive crisis may occur reducing the pressure to remove the drug. This state may be called the syndrome.

The factors the risk of hypertensive crises are:

  • stress-
  • weather conditions - this refers to meteodependent lyudyam-
  • a large intake of salt in pischu-
  • heavy load-physical
  • alcohol-
  • cancellation antihypertensive preparatov-
  • heart diseases-
  • hormonal disorders during adolescence or menopause syndrome.

Symptoms of a hypertensive crisis

A clear sign of hypertensive crisis - is high blood pressure. It can lead to a heart attack, pulmonary edema, aortic aneurysm, or acute renal or coronary insufficiency.

Development of the crisis manifested frequent palpitations, tremor, agitation and anxiety. Patient restless, it lacks air, there is a cold clammy sweat.

In case of violation of cerebral circulation appears vomiting, blurred vision and dizziness.

How to help with hypertensive crisis

  • Call an ambulance.
  • At the first sign of a crisis Seat patient in the chair and put his head under the pillow.
  • Give him a sedative, such as "Corvalol" or "Valocordin".
  • Measure blood pressure.

For relief of hypertensive crisis is usedfollowing drugs: "Nifedipine", "Clonidine", "Diazoxide", "Captopril", "Labetalol" and others. Independently take drugs is not worth it, wait for the emergency doctor.

Prevention of hypertensive crises

  • When hypertension watch your pressure. Measure it several times a day.
  • Avoid stress.
  • No need to drink alcoholic beverages. It is important to stop smoking.
  • Obese people are more likely to suffer hypertensive crisis, therefore it is necessary to control their weight.
  • The food should not be used too savory.

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