Natural gas is the formation of a hydrocarbon mass that occurs when organic substances are decomposed in the bowels of the earth.
Its composition is dominated by methane (80-97%). Refers to natural gas to minerals.
It can be in the ground at a depth of one to several kilometers. There the gas is located in microscopic voids - the pores.
It is extracted from the earth with the help of wells.
Natural gas is used as fuel inMultifamily and residential private houses for cooking, heating and water heating. It can also be used as fuel for machines and boiler rooms.
Natural gas (methane) is used as a raw material in the chemical industry to produce a variety of organic substances, for example, plastics.
Natural gas can be filled with gas lamps, designed for lighting. Actually methane is used as raw material for the production of acetylene, ammonia, methanol and hydrogen cyanide.
At the same time, natural gas is the main source of raw materials for the production of ammonia. Almost three quarters of all ammonia is used for the production of nitrogen fertilizers.
Hydrogen cyanide, obtained already from ammonia,Together with acetylene serves as the initial raw material for the production of various synthetic fibers. From acetylene, it is possible to produce different strata-kata, which are widely used in industry and in everyday life. Also with it, acetate silk is produced.
In the chemical industry methane is not usedOnly for the production of various plastics, but also for the production of rubber, organic acids and alcohol. It was with the use of natural gas that it became possible to create many chemicals that do not exist in nature, for example, polyethylene.
Natural gas is one of the best speciesFuel, which are used for industrial and domestic needs. Its value as fuel is also that this mineral fuel is quite clean ecologically. When it burns, there are much fewer harmful substances when compared to other types of fuel. That is why natural gas is one of the main sources of energy in all human activity.