For schoolchildren, the study of Mendeleyev's table is a terrible dream. Even the thirty-six elements, which are usually asked by the teachers, turn into hours of grueling cramming and a headache.
Many do not even believe that it is realistic to learn the periodic table.
But the use of mnemonics can greatly facilitate the life of students.
Understand the theory and choose the right oneTechnique Rules that facilitate the memorization of a material are called mnemonic. Their main trick is creating associative links, when the abstract information is packed into a bright picture, sound or even a smell. There are several mnemonic techniques. For example, you can write a story from elements of remembered information, search for consonant words (rubidium - switch, cesium - Julius Caesar), include spatial imagination or simply rhyme elements of the periodic table of Mendeleev.
A Ballad of NitrogenRemove the elements of the periodicMendeleyev's tables are better with meaning, for certain signs: for valence, for example. So, alkali metals rhyme very easily and sound like a song: "Lithium, potassium, sodium, rubidium, cesium francium." "Magnesium, calcium, zinc and barium - their valence is equal to the pair" - the unfading classics of school folklore. On the same topic: "Sodium, potassium, silver - unconventional good" and "Sodium, potassium and argentum - forever univalent." Creativity, unlike cramming, which lasts for a couple of days, stimulates long-term memory. So, more tales about aluminum, poems about nitrogen and songs about valence - and remembering will go like clockwork.
Acid thriller To facilitate memorizationA story is invented, in which the elements of the periodic table are transformed into heroes, details of the landscape or plot elements. For example, all the well-known text: "Asian (Azot) began to pour (Lithium) water (Hydrogen) into the pine forest (Bor). But He (Neon) was necessary to us, and Magnolia (Magnesium). " It can be supplemented with a story about a Ferrari (iron-ferrum) in which the secret agent "Chlorine zero seventeen" was traveling (17 - chlorine serial number) to catch Arseny's maniac (arsenic-arsenicum), who had 33 teeth (33 - ordinal number Arsenic), but suddenly something sour fell into his mouth (oxygen), it was eight poisoned bullets (8 - ordinal number of oxygen) ... You can continue indefinitely. By the way, a novel written on the motives of Mendeleyev's table can be attached to the teacher of literature as an experimental text. She certainly will like it.
Construct a palace of memoryThis is one of the namesRather effective technique of remembering, when spatial thinking is included. The secret of it is that we can all easily describe our room or the way from home to the store, school, university. In order to remember the sequence of elements you need to place them along the road (or in the room), and to present each element very clearly, visibly, tangibly. Here is hydrogen - a skinny blonde with an outstretched face. The worker who puts the tile is silicon. A group of aristocrats in an expensive car are inert gases. And, of course, the seller of balloons - helium.