Get vaccinated apple can be a variety of ways. Plant the cuttings in fruit trees splitting in the butt for the cortex or lateral cut, kopulirovkoy.
Vaccination is good because if you bought a badsapling, with the help of the cutting from another tree can be improved apple varieties. Regardless of the method of vaccination, pre-select the tree from which escape will be taken.
Naturally, the tree should be healthy.
Make apple vaccination is quite simple for the crust.
Thus use rootstocks different diameters.
You will need
- Secateurs, cuttings from tree grafting, pruning knife or a saw, yard pitch, cement, material for fixing a graft cuttings
Start off vaccinated should be in the period of sap flow, ie, around May, but if you have to instill a lot of trees, it is possible to start sooner. Rarely vaccinated do in the summer. When grafting using annual shoots of apple trees that are harvested or in November or March. Take cuttings need middle tier of the crown, and it is better to choose those that are located on the south or south-west side. Cuttings are cut from a tree or garden shears sawing. Make bundles of 20-30 shoots, tie them together and attach a note which apple variety show. After that, put the cuttings in a cool place (eg cellar), set vertically. Interfaces must be immersed in sawdust or sand. The substrate is maintained moist throughout the storage time shoots.
Take out the spring shoots and start grafting. to make vaccinated apple for the bark to do longitudinal section of bark on a tree stump on the saw cut. cut length of 2.5-3 cm. The edges of the crust a little bent.
Take grafting stem, the lower part of doingbevel cut. The length should be equal to three to five times the diameter of the shoot. On the second or third kidney bottom make the cut method "on the kidney» (holding the kidney left thumb, you need to cut the stalk cutter movement to the right).
Next, insert the Flight to cut the bark sothat the upper edge of the cut-off coincided with the end edge of the stock. The bark is inserted along the end cutting crimped tightly tied and daubed with pitch. A thin layer of putty coated end stock and cut the stalk above the bud. Vaccination is finished.