The Moscow Metro is the delivery vehicle and the movement of passengers, not only the Russian capital, but also the nearest suburbs.
He and underground and aboveground, and is fifth on the intensity of use of a system of this kind in the world, skipping ahead just Metro Seoul, Beijing, Tokyo and Shanghai.
So how many lines and stations are part of the Moscow Metro?
A bit of historical facts
The first station and the Metro line was still named LM Kaganovich was opened May 15, 1935 from "Sokolniki" to "Park of Culture", with a branch to the station "Smolenskaya".
Renaming Metro in the VI Lenin was in 1955.
In 2013, the capital's subway has transported 2.49billion people, and this figure shows a steady increase from 2,463 billion in 2012, 2,388 billion in 2011 and 2.348 billion in 2010.
But to achieve such performance took placea lot of time. The idea of the subway in Moscow appeared in the then authorities of the Russian Empire in 1875. According to her subway it was to link the Kursk station, and Lubyanka Square Pipe and Maryina grove. But then the project was shelved.
Again to the idea of the Moscow metro inRussia back in 1902, 1913, 1916 and in 1925. However, various problems, including those of a financial nature, constantly thwarted its implementation until 1931, when construction finally began.
How many stations are included in the metro of the Russian capital?
At the beginning of 2014 in the framework ofMoscow subway operated 194 stations and 12 lines. Moreover, only 192 of them are in the city, and two more - "Myakinino" and "Novokosino" - beyond the borders of Moscow.
44 metro stations in Moscow on the list of UNESCO World Heritage.
According to the plans of the city authorities, by 2020 the number of stations will increase by 62, and the length of the subway will increase by 137 kilometers to 325.4 kilometers in the moment.
Most of Moscow's subway stationsMoscow, in contrast to, for example, the Berlin subway, is underground, and only 16 - on the surface. 76 of them built by the method of deep foundation.
Connect a variety of line 30 metro interchange nodes, one of which is designed as chetyrehstantsionny - "Alexandrovsky Garden", "Arbat", "Lenin Library" and "Borovitskaya".
More stations are fixed onsingle standard length - 155 meters or 8 cars with a small gap. This provision is adopted de facto even during the start of the construction. But the new plants to be built by 2020, will increase the distance to 162 meters.
The exception was only earlier Filyovskayaline, which was originally designed for the transportation of the country's ruling elite - the station took only a train of 6 carriages, but after the development of this area, they have been extended.