The Russian Federation, or Russia is the largest state in its territory, not only in Europe and Asia, but also the largest on the whole planet.
At the beginning of this year, over 17,125 million square kilometers of the country lived more than 143.5 million people.
Structure of the Russian Federation
Russia is a state with a federal structure. The country includes 85 subjects.
Of which 22 republics are Adygea with its capital inMaykope- Altai and the Mining and Altaysk- UVA and Bashkortostan Buryatia and Ulan-Ude, Dagestan and Ingushetia and Mahachkala- Magas- Kabardino-Balkar Republic, with its capital in Nalchike- Kalmykia and Elista- Karachay-Cherkessia and Cherkessk- Karelia and Komi Petrozavodsk- Syktyvkar and Republic of Mari-El, with its capital in Yoshkar-reindeer Saransk- Mordovia and Sakha (Yakutia), with its capital in Yakutske- North Ossetia-Alania and Vladikavkaz- Tatarstan, with its capital in Kazani- Tuva and Kyzyl Udmurtia and Khakassia Izhevsk- Abakan and the Republic of Chechnya and Grozny-city Chuvashia Rep highlight, with its capital in Cheboksary and the recent accession of the Republic of Crimea with Simferopol.
Nine edges (for the first time this term appeared inEveryday life of Russians in the 30s of the 19th century) - Altai with the capital in Barnaul-Kamchatsky (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky) - Khabarovsk Territory with its capital in Khabarovsk-Krasnodar Territory and Krasnodar-Krasnoyarsk Territory and Krasnoyarsk-Perm Region with its capital in Perm-Primorsky Krai And Vladivostok-Stavropol Territory with its capital in Stavropol and the Trans-Baikal Territory (Chita).
The Russian Federation also includes threeCities of federal significance - Moscow, St. Petersburg and Stavropol. The difference between such entities from other entities is the organization of local self-government in them.
Only one autonomous region is Jewish, formed on May 7, 1934 and bordering with China, the Amur Region and the Khabarovsk Territory.
The autonomous regions of Russia are the Nenets Autonomous District with the center in Naryan-Mare-Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District with the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Chukotka Autonomous District and the city of Anadyr, as well as the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District and Salekhard.
But most of all in the Russian Federation areas.
46 regions of Russia
Among these subjects of the Russian Federation,which, by their legal situation is no different from the edges are Amur, Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kemerovo, Kirov, Kostroma, Kurgan, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Magadan, Moscow, Murmansk , Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Sakhalin, Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Sverdlovsk, Tambov, Tomsk, Tver, Tu skaya, Tyumen, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh and Yaroslavl regions.
A major transformation of the regions of Russia occurredIn the 2000s, when serious changes were introduced in the federal structure of the country. Then many regions were subjected to so-called enlargement.
The regions, like other entities, are united in the Federal Districts of Russia.