Home / Education / Schools / How to decline surnames

How to decline surnames

/
93 Views

How do the names change by case and should they be declined at all?</a>

The names of Russian and foreign origin have a huge number of different forms, which often causes difficulties in the use of such names.

Declination of surnames is indicated in special dictionaries of surnames, but there are also a number of rules that you can follow if you are in doubt on this issue.

Instructions

    1

All Russian surnames that have in their compositionThe suffixes -ov (-ev-), -in-, -sk- (Belov, Ignatieva, Baturin, Glinskaya) are declining. In the plural, the forms of female and male names coincide (Belov, Glinsky). Surnames that end in "oh, -y, -yy" (Lanovoy, Wild, Zapashny) tend to the same way as adjectives.

    2

Other male surnames ending inConsonants or letters??,?? (Except for surnames in -yh, -ih), have in the instrumental case the ending -om, -em: Gaidar, Babel. Female surnames in this case do not bow: with Anna Kern, for Marina Golub. In the plural, the names of this type are also inclined as masculine nouns: they visited the Herzen family.

    3

Russian surnames ending in -yh, -ih (White, Dolgikh) do not bow.

    4

If the surname ends in a vowel sound, this surname is not inclined either in masculine or feminine gender (visited by Anna Romanenko, a gift for Sergei Gorenko, a novel by Albert Camus).

    5

When declining surnames ending in -a hasThe meaning of which letter (vowel or consonant) is before this -a, and whether the final one is a percussion. If the surname before the final -a is a vowel, that surname is not inclined (Morua).

    6

Surnames that end in unaccented -a after consonants tend to the first declination: Kafka (Kafka's novel), Okudzhava (Okudzhava song).

    7

If the finite -a (or -y) is a shock, suchSurnames may be declined or inclined, depending on their origin. Surnames of French origin are not inclined (Dumas, Petipa, Zola). Surnames of a different origin (Slavic, from oriental languages) are inclined according to the first declension, that is, in them the shock ending -a: Kvasha is singled out? Kvashi, Kvasha, Kvasha, Kvasha (this includes Golovnya, Shengelaya, Beria, etc.).

    8

If the surname is compound, and the first part of the surname is notIs used in itself as a surname (Demuth-Malinovsky), then only the second part of the name (the Demut-Malinovsky sculpture) is inclined. If the first part of the surname is itself a surname, in this case both parts are leaning (Lebedev-Kumach's verses).

How to decline surnames Was last modified: May 23rd, 2017 By Siywiifc
It is main inner container footer text