The Amur tiger (aka Ussuriysky or Far Eastern, sometimes called Siberian) is one of the world's most rare species of tiger.
It is listed in the Red Book and is threatened with extinction.
Characteristics of the species
The Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is the mostThe northern species of the tiger is one of the largest. He is able to survive at extremely low temperatures and is not afraid of the chilling north wind. He has a thicker coat than the southern brethren, and on the belly of this predator has a layer of fat five centimeters thick, which protects the beast from the cold.
This representative of the family of felinesElongated flexible body, rounded head with very short ears, rather short paws and long tail. Interesting features of the Amur tiger's view. He is good at distinguishing colors, unlike many other felines. And at night he sees better than man, as much as five times!
The Amur tiger is able to run on snow at a speed of up to 50 kilometers per hour.
The body length of the Ussuri tiger is from 2.7 to 3.8 meters,Weight from 160 to 270 kilograms. Body color - orange, with white belly. Amur tigers are somewhat lighter than other species. Their life expectancy is about 15 years.
Males usually live alone, and the "personal" territory of each of them can be up to 800 square kilometers. Females sometimes gather in groups.
Tigers can communicate with each other. They greet each other with special sounds resembling a growl. As a sign of friendliness can touch each other or rub muzzles and sides.
Number and distribution
The main habitat of the Amur tigers -Territory of Russia. A small population (about 50 individuals) is also found in China. By the way, in the Middle Kingdom as punishment for the murder of the Amur tiger is provided for the death penalty.
In 2012, Khabarovsk Territory died one of the mostOld predators on the planet - the 21-year-old Amur tiger Lyutyi. Once, Russian and American doctors jointly conducted Lutomu unique operation to restore the jaw.
In Russia, the distribution area of the Amur tiger -In the Khabarovsk and coastal regions, along the Ussuri and Amur rivers. Most of these animals are found in Lazovsky district of Primorsky Krai, in the foothills of Sikhote-Alin. The total number of wild Amur tigers on the territory of Russia according to research from 1996 is about 415 - 176 individuals (it is not possible to say more precisely how many individuals remained in the wild). Another 450 tigers are found in various zoos around the world. The total number of Amur tigers is declining.