Russia occupies a vast territory from the Arctic and Pacific oceans to the Black and Caspian Seas.
It is an amazing example of the unity of nations that appears on its coat of arms.
The various ethnic groups living in the area,bordering Europe and Asia, we have made cultural and historical identity of Russia. The basis of the formation of the Russian state were Finno-Ugric, Eastern Slavic, Baltic and other small nations in total, according to the chronicles, - more than 20 names. For many centuries the Russian empire expanded its borders by border regions, the population of which became part of the Russian people.
As a result of historical events, Russia was the only state with such a diverse cultural and ethnic composition.</ Blockquote>
Ethnic groups in Russia
According to the latest population censusThe Russian Federation, held in 2010, 195 nations living on the territory of the state. The population of the country can be roughly classified on the basis of language and ethnicity. Separation of the historical roots of the peoples affected, even if the current indigenous population does not speak the language of their ancestors.
The representatives of the Indo-European cultureThey belong to the Slavic peoples - their figure more than 14 million people living in Russia- this includes the Baltic, Germanic, Roman, Greek, Armenian, Iranian, Indo-Aryan peoples.
Yukaghir-Ural family gave birth to the Finns,Estonians kareltsev, Mordovians, Komi people. From here out, and Hunt (inhabiting the Russian North in the amount of more than 30 thousand people), Mansi (them in Russia just over 12,500), Udmurts (552,300 people), and Chuvans Yukagirs.
Altai branch, whose members inhabitRepublic of Altai and the border regions, is divided into five families. It Koreans and Japanese, Mongols, as well as representatives of the Turkic and Tungus nation. How many today in the territory of present-day Russia is home to representatives of these peoples, is difficult to say. According to the latest census of them identified themselves as "Russian", and thus abandoned the national identity.
North Caucasian nation gave the country's population,which can be divided into two camps. They are representatives of the North Caucasian peoples and the Abkhaz-Adygei residents. The first branch includes: Dagestani, Chechens, Ingush, Avars, lizginy and other small nations. The second branch: Kabardino, Adygei, Abkhaz and Circassians.
Modern Georgians originate from Kartvelian nation. From the same occurred lesser known endangered nations like Ingiloys and Megrelians.</ Blockquote>
Modern Russia includes other smallnations, known only to scientists in the field of etnoznany. It Austroasiatic, Sino-Tibetan, and Paleo-Asiatic Afro-Asiatic tribes. More than 10 thousand people, in spite of Russian citizenship in 2010 identified themselves as Arabs, Bahrainis, Egyptians, Yukaghir, Mauritanians, Sudanese, etc. Naha.
Despite all the diversity and difference incultures, representatives of various nations linked by a single historical destiny. She goes back centuries. Many times over the centuries the peoples unitedly fought against the invaders. This unity has given rise to the strengthening and development of national traditions, which became one of the features of our multinational country.