Russia occupies a vast territory from the Arctic and Pacific oceans to the Black and Caspian Seas.
It represents an amazing example of the unity of nations that is displayed on its coat of arms.
Various ethnic groups living on the square,Bordering with Europe and Asia, made up the cultural and historical identity of Russia. The formation of the Russian state was based on Finno-Ugric, East Slavic, Baltic and other small peoples, according to the chronicles, more than 20 items. For many centuries the Russian state expanded its borders at the expense of the border regions, whose population became part of the Russian people.
As a result of historical events, Russia has become the only state with such a diverse cultural and ethnic composition.
Ethnoses in the territory of Russia
Based on the results of the last population censusThe Russian Federation, held in 2010, is home to 195 nationalities. The population of the country can be conditionally classified according to the ethnic and linguistic principle. The division affects the historical roots of peoples, even if the modern indigenous population no longer speaks the language of their ancestors.
To representatives of Indo-European cultureBelong to the Slavic peoples - they are numerically more than 14 million people who live in Russia, including the Baltic, German, Roman, Greek, Armenian, Iranian, and Indo-Aryan peoples.
The Yukagir-Ural family gave birth to the Finns,Estonians, Karelians, Mordvins, Komi residents. From here came Khanty (inhabiting the Russian North in the number of more than 30 thousand people), Mansi (there are slightly more than 12.5 thousand in Russia), Udmurts (552300 people), Chuvans and Yukagirs.
The Altai branch, whose representatives inhabitThe Republic of Altai and the border regions, is divided into five families. They are Koreans and Japanese, Mongols, as well as representatives of the Turkic and Tungus-Manchu nation. It's difficult to say how many representatives of these peoples live today in the territory of modern Russia. According to the results of the last census, some of them considered themselves to be "Russian", and therefore abandoned their national self-identification.
The North Caucasian nation gave the country a population,Which can be divided into 2 camps. They are representatives of the North Caucasian peoples and Abkhaz-Adyghe inhabitants. The first branch includes: Dagestanis, Chechens, Ingush, Avars, Lysgins and other small peoples. The second branch: Kabardins, Adygheans, Abkhazians and Circassians.
Modern Georgians originate from the Kartvelian nation. From there, too, there have been little explorers of endangered peoples, such as the Ingiloyans and Megrels.
Modern Russia includes other smallPeoples, known only to scientists in the field of ethno-knowledge. These are the Austro-Asiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Afrasian and Paleo-Asiatic tribes. More than 10 thousand people, despite Russian citizenship, in 2010 ranked themselves among Arabs, Bahrainians, Egyptians, Yukagirs, Mauritanians, Sudanese, nags and others.
Despite all the diversity and difference in theCultures, representatives of different nations are connected by one historical destiny. It goes back centuries. More than once throughout many centuries, the peoples unitedly fought against the conquerors. Such unity gave rise to the strengthening and development of national traditions, which became one of the features of our multinational Homeland.