a huge number of nationalities living in Russia - more than 180.
The number of the largest ethnic groups of a few million people, most small - a few hundred.
As the Russian territory was formed
The abundance of various nations and nationalities livingin Russia, largely depends on the history of its formation. Since ancient times, this area lived the Scythians. Also part of Russia occupied CONTEMPORARY Turks. In the area of the Volga and North Caucasus, the Khazars lived, and in the Kama - Bulgars. Old Russian nation was formed from the tribes Krivichi Drevlyane, words, Vyatichi, northerners. Also, its development was influenced by the Finno-Ugric peoples. Thus, the ancient Russian state was multinational from the very beginning of its existence.
With the 14-15 century, when the Russian expelled from theirland Mongol invaders, the rapid development of the state. Tsarist Russia formed a strong army, which helped to connect the Volga region, the Caucasus, Siberia, the Far East, the Urals and the North. For example, several new nationalities became part of Russia. Ukraine and Belarus were also part of Russia, but separated after the Soviet collapse. On the other hand, representatives of many ethnic groups living in the territory of the Soviet Union, at the time moved to Russia, where he lived until now.
What nationalities are part of Russia
Of the many Russian nations and nationalitiesonly a few have a significant number - the Tatars and Bashkirs, Chuvash, Mordvins, Chechens and Ingush, Avar and Dargin, Yakuts and Udmurt. Also in Russia has a large number of inhabitants belonging to the nation by other nations - Ukrainians, Belarusians, Armenians, Kazakhs, Azerbaijanis.
The most common, after the Russian,ethnicity - Tatar. They live in the Volga region and in the Crimea. Also living there Mordvins and Mari. In the central part of Russia live Bashkirs. The western part of the country populated by the Chuvash, Siberia - Yakut, Altaians and Khakassia region west - Buryat, the Khanty and Mansi, and the east - Evenki. In the Far North live the Nenets, Chukchi, Aleuts, in the north-west of the country - Karelia. Caucasus occupy Kabardians, Circassians, Lezgins, Chechens, Ingush, Circassians, Ossetians. In the area of the Caspian Sea live Kalmyks.
The most numerous national imageautonomous republics and districts. A total of 22: Udmurtia, Chechnya, Ingushetia, Chuvashia, Tatarstan, Mordovia, Karelia, Yakutia, Khakassia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Dagestan, Komi, Adygea, North Ossetia, Karachay-Cherkessia, Tuva, Buryatia and Mari-El, Bashkortostan, Altai Kalmykia, the Crimea. Autonomous Okrug in Russia 5: Khanty-Mansi, Chukchi, Nenets, Crimea and Yamalo-Nenets. Also referred to by the names of nationalities, some towns and geographic Russia objects - for example, the city of Khanty-Mansiysk.