Winter Olympics are not so oldhistory as the summer. As strange as it sounds, but the first time the competition in one of the winter sports (namely - figure skating) were included in the Summer Olympic Games in London in 1908.
The first Winter Olympics were held only in 1924 in the French town of Chamonix.
To date, 7 kinds of sports in the programWinter Olympics are considered major. This cross-country skiing, speed skating, biathlon, luge, bobsled, ice hockey and curling. Skiing, skating and bobsledding are divided into different disciplines, some of them also acquired the status of independent sports. In addition, all sports and disciplines, except for hockey and curling, divided into different types of competitions.
Skiing and Biathlon
Skiing is divided into a high-speeddownhill, super-G, slalom, giant slalom. Combined competitions are also held. In the Olympic program in Alpine skiing competitions entered since 1936.
In addition to various competitions in cross country skiing andski jumping in the Winter Olympics program includes Nordic combined, which includes both types. Another species of freestyle skiing is. It involves performing various acrobatic skiing.
Snowboarding though formally accepted to reckonAlpine skiing, but, in fact, he is completely self-sufficient, as it implies no downhill skiing, as well a special general board, which is called snowboarding. The Olympic program he came not so long ago - in 1998.
Biathlon combines cross-country skiing and shooting. The program entered the Olympics in 1960.
Bobsled and Luge
If bobsledding became an Olympic sport withthe first Winter Olympics in Chamonix, then close it luge entered the Olympic program only in 1964. Originally evolved fate of one of the varieties Luge - skeleton. For the first time the Olympic awards were played on it in 1928, then - in 1948 (both the Olympics were held in St. Moritz, Switzerland, and only there was a time line for the sled). Only since 2002, the skeleton finally entered the Olympic program.
Despite the fact that figure skating sometimesIt is considered as a kind of skating, in fact it is two completely different species. In addition, it is figure skating begins history of the Winter Olympic sports. From 1992 to speed skating in the Olympic program joined the short track.
And finally, the two team sport in the Winter Olympics - it is ice hockey and curling.
Number of sports in the program of the Olympic Winter Games is changing not as active as in the Summer Olympics. Basically, it adds no essentially new kinds of sports, but only their varieties.