Constitution - the normative legal act of the state, has supreme legal force.
This Act defined and secured legalrules of formation and operation of representative and executive, the judiciary and local government systems, the basics of the legal, political and economic systems, the legal status of the state and the fundamental provisions of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
Who acts on the territory of RussiaThe Constitution, adopted after the collapse of the Soviet Union, 12 December 1993. This document includes a section 2 and the Preamble. Preamble establishes the humanistic and democratic values, defining Russia's place in the modern world.
The first section consists of 9 chapters, including in137 articles themselves, which registered the main provisions of political, public, social, and economic systems and the federal structure of the Russian Federation, the rights and freedoms of citizens, the status of the authorities and the procedure for amending the Constitution. The second section contains the transitional and final provisions, determining the stability and continuity of the constitutional and legal norms.
The first section. The main provisions.
Chapter 1. Fundamentals of the constitutional system. The first chapter contains 16 articles, which are registered and protected by the constitution established economic, political and legal, social relations and humanistic fundamental principles enshrining the role of citizens in nation-building.
Chapter 2: Rights and freedoms of man and citizen. It includes 48 articles that make up the core of the constitutional rights of the Russian Federation and fixing regulations relationship of the individual and the state.
Chapter 3. The federal structure. It consists of 15 articles and defining the fundamental principles of the state structure of Russia.
Chapter 4. The President of the Russian Federation. Chapter includes 14 articles that define the legal status, responsibilities, powers of the head of state, the terms and conditions of election, containing the text of the oath and the procedure for removal from office.
Chapter 5. The Federal Assembly. It consists of 16 articles dealing with the Russian Federation Parliament, in which the authority and principles of both chambers of the Assembly identified.
Chapter 6. The Government of the Russian Federation. It contains the 8 articles defining the basic principles of the executive authorities of the Russian Federation.
Chapter 7. Judicial Power. It includes 12 articles, which set out the fundamental principles of the functioning and powers of the judiciary and the highest judicial authorities of the Russian Federation.
Chapter 8. Local self-government. Chapter 4 consists of articles claiming how to create local self-government bodies, their structure, legal status and powers.
Chapter 9. Constitutional amendments and revision of the Constitution. Includes 4 articles, which define the principles of the amendment, as well as the designated number of persons and authorities entitled to make proposals for revision, supplement and amend the provisions of the Constitution.
Section Two. Final and Transitional Provisions
This part of the Constitution consists of 9 points, fixing the powers and terms of the work of authorities, including the President.