School teachers have more responsibilities and problems than university teachers.
For example, if the student's knowledge is checked once in six months - on the exam, the student is assessed on the results of the work for a quarter.
Rate the rating as "arithmetic mean". You should add up all the scores received by the student for fourth, And then divided by the number of terms. For example: the student has grades "5, 4, 5, 3, 2, 4, 5". The total value: (5 + 4 + 5 + 3 + 2 + 4 + 5) /7=4.0, i.e. Exactly four. If you receive a decimal fraction, then round it up or down, respectively. The plus of this method is that it allows conscious children to control their own score, counting the score themselves. However, the result of the quarter thus drawn does not take into account the complexity of the work, and the five for work at the board is no worse than the five for the final control, which is not entirely objective.
For elementary school pupils, it is permissibleAn assessment of "for diligence". At such a tender age, the final score plays a much greater role for the child than it may seem. Therefore, if a student has thoroughly performed his homework during the whole semester and studied well, but for some reason "did not reach" to the five, then you can put it with a clear conscience. This small "bonus" does not spoil the schoolboy in any way, but, on the contrary, points to a very important truth: "To get a good evaluation, you need to work and try."
Start from the results of the final work. This method is very true to apply to students 10-11 grades, as the most adult and conscious, and, in addition, preparing for admission to universities. In some schools, even officially introduced the concept of "Sessions" for high school students: for selected subjects an examination is introduced, which determines a quarterly or semi-annual assessment. However, the teacher should not make the "exam" the only and final criterion. So, if a schoolchild has consistently five students during the entire academic period, but the exam was put on "4", then the assessment for fourth You can think and change for the better if the student deserves it.