The longer a pike lives, the more impressive its dimensions become.
And although the taste values of large and elderly individuals are small, the fact of catching such a predator is proof of the fishing skill and skill.
There is an anecdote about how the fisherman was tied up by hands,So that he could not dilute them to the sides, showing the size of the pike. He quickly clenched his fists and declared that this was the size of that pike's eye. This joke, it turns out, is not so far from the truth. The record sizes of one of the most valuable fishing trophies were fixed both by fishermen themselves, and by trustworthy biologists and naturalists from around the world.
Pike of Eurasia
Habitual for Eurasian fresh water bodiesPredator - common pike (Esox lucius). In the Amur River basin and the rivers of Sakhalin, the pike of the Amur (Esox reicherti), distinctly different from the ordinary coloring and smaller maximum sizes, is found. In a separate species, the scientific world is distinguished by the pike south (Esox cisalpinus), the inhabitant of the reservoirs of central and northern Italy.
The most famous Russian zoologist of the XIX century, L.P. Sabaneev, the author of the remarkable work "Pisces of Russia. Life and catching (catching) of our freshwater fish "tells that mature pike individuals calmly reach a length of 2 meters, nagulivaya more than 48 kg of weight. On the study of eyewitness accounts and records in monastic books, Leonid Petrovich cites cases of catching 64- and even 80-kilogram specimens.
There is a story dedicated to the 200-year-old pike of Boris Godunov, "identified" on the royal ring with engraving, stuck in the gills.
In the same work, the author mentions casesThe exceptional longevity of a toothy predator, based on the legends of the pike of Emperor Frederick II Barbarossa, whose spine is kept in the Mannheim Museum to the present day. Reached the age of 270 years, white with age, she weighed 140 kg with a length of 5.7 meters.
Unfortunately, the legend and stored on itThe evidence after studies of the giant's skeleton by modern naturalists was attributed to hoaxes. There was also no documentary evidence of the case with the capture of the "pike of the Russian Tsar".
In the fresh water bodies of the American continent (its northern part), there are three more besides the pike of the ordinary one: the American (red and grass), black (or striped) and masking.
Maskinong, or maskkellung (in the language of the Indians), -The largest representative of the pike family, which occurs less and less frequently and lives in the Great Lakes and rivers in the neighborhood. The size-age statistics on it, however, is close to the indicators for the domestic toothy. The rest of the relatives are much more modest in weight and longevity.
What else is pike?
On the American continent, the rivers flowing into theThe Gulf of Mexico, and in the Mississippi River Basin, there are 2 more pike species belonging to the family of panzirnikovs - pike pikes and shellfish. The maximum length of spotted pike pike is 1.2 meters, weight is 4.5 kg. Mississippian shell, it's alligator pike, can reach 3 m with a weight of more than 130 kg. Brackish water can also serve as a habitat for these fish.
Since 2008, there have been meetings with alligator pikes outside the American continent - in Turkmenistan, Hong Kong and Singapore.
The "name" of the freshwater predator duplicates the namesTwo marine inhabitants for similarity in appearance, as well as gastronomic and behavioral habits. The most famous is the thermophilic barracuda growing to 2 meters, weighing a maximum of 50 kg (the species Sphyraena afra) and a pike called unofficially. Less well known is the molva growing to 1.8 meters and weighing 40 kg, living in the coastal waters of the eastern region of the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, officially called the "sea pike".