The longer live pike, so impressive are its dimensions.
Although the taste of large and middle-aged individuals is small, the fact that the capture of a predator - proof fishing skill and dexterity.
There is an anecdote about how the fisherman hands tied,that he could not separate them in hand, showing the size of the pike. He quickly clenched his fists and said that it was of such magnitude that in the eyes of pike. Joke, this turns out to be not so far from the truth. Record the size of one of the most valuable fishing trophies were recorded by both the fishermen and credible experts, biologists and naturalists all over the world.
Familiar for Eurasian freshwaterpredator - pike plain (Esox lucius). In the basin of the Amur and Sakhalin rivers Amur pike (Esox reicherti), markedly different from ordinary color and smaller than the maximum size. In a separate species highlights the scientific world south pike (Esox cisalpinus) - inhabitant of reservoirs of the central and northern Italy.
The most well-known Russian zoologist of the XIX century, LP Sabaneev, author of a remarkable work "Pisces Russia. Life and Fishing (angling) of our freshwater fish "says that mature pike specimens safely reach a length of 2 meters, nagulivaya more than 48 kg weight. According to the study of eyewitness accounts and records in the monastery books Leonid Petrovich leads if caught 64- and even 80-kilogram copies.
There is a story dedicated to the bicentenary Pike, Boris Godunov, "identified" by the king's ring engraved stuck in the gills.
In the same work the author mentions casesexceptional longevity toothy predator based on the legends of the pike Emperor Frederick II Barbarossa, whose spine is kept in a museum in Mannheim to the present day. Reached the age of 270 years, whitened with age, she weighed 140 kg with a length of 5.7 meters.
Unfortunately, the legend and the data stored on itevidence after the giant skeleton of modern naturalists studies were related to the hoax. Not preserved and documented cases of catching a "pike Russian tsar."
The fresh water of the American continent (northern part) there are, in addition to the ordinary pike, another three: American (Krasnopyorov and travyanka), black (or striped) and muskie.
Muskie, or maskellundzh (in the language of the Indians), -the largest member of the family schukovyh occurring less and living in the Great lakes and rivers nearby. Size and age statistics on it, however, is close to the figures for domestic toothy. The rest of the family is much more modest in weight and life expectancy.
What are some pike
In the Americas, in the rivers flowing into theGulf of Mexico and the Mississippi River, still live 2 species of pike, belonging to the family of gar - lepisosteus and billfish. The maximum length of spotty lepisosteus - 1.2 meters, weight - 4.5 kg. Alligator gar, alligator aka pike can reach 3 meters and weighs more than 130 kg. Brackish water can also serve as a habitat for these fish.
Since 2008, there has been a meeting with the alligator pikes outside the American continent - in Turkmenistan, Hong Kong and Singapore.
"Name" freshwater predator doubles titlestwo sea occupants of similarity in appearance, as well as gastronomic and behavioral habits. The most famous - thermophilic barracuda, which grows up to 2 meters and weighing up to 50 kg (type Sphyraena afra) and informally known as pike. Less well known Molva, which grows up to 1.8 meters and a weight of 40 kg, living in the coastal waters of the eastern region of the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, which has officially called "ling".