Herpes is the most common viral disease, according to statistics, it infected more than 90% of the world population.
There are about 35 species of this infection.
In addition to all the well-known simplex virus types 1 and 2, the same virus that causes chickenpox, infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus infection and other diseases.
But despite the differences in the clinical manifestations, the way any kind of herpes infection are the same.
How is infection with herpes and development
The virus can spread from droplets of salivaby speaking, sneezing, kissing. In this case, it enters the body through the respiratory tract, damaged skin, through the conjunctiva eyes. The greatest danger is posed by people with acute exacerbation, in which clearly visible external signs of active herpes. Infection in these cases, very likely, so it is advisable to avoid them any direct contact.
In most cases the virus is transmitted byany sexual contact with an infected. A small percentage of infection occurs when using personal hygiene products or objects belonging to the infected - a towel, toothbrush, linen, wool, spoons, cups, etc.
Herpes can be transmitted during pregnancyfrom an infected mother, as well as during childbirth. The risk of infection during childbirth is more than 40%. The defeat of the fetus can occur at any stage of pregnancy, leading to the formation of defects, premature birth or fetal death. Especially dangerous is the primary recurrent genital herpes during pregnancy. If such a manifestation happens shortly before delivery, it is recommended that cesarean delivery.
The herpes virus type 8, capable of inducing the development of Kaposi's sarcoma, along with the usual ways, also transmitted by reusing syringes and with organ transplants.
Penetrating through the skin and mucous membranesa healthy person, the virus begins rapidly introduced into the blood, lymph nodes and internal organs of the system. It is distributed and accumulated in the spinal and cranial ganglia. After infection begin to form antibodies that remain in the patient permanently. The virus manifests as lesions only under favorable conditions, such as colds, stress, etc. That is, the virus carrier having a strong immune system, may not even be aware of its carriage of. Nevertheless, and such a person is also a potential health hazard.
To date, the complete cure for herpes is not possible, so everyone needs to be aware of the preventive recommendations on how to avoid infection or herpes recurrence.
The main thing - is to maintain a high immunitylevel, that is, healthy eating, physical activity, tempering, absence of bad habits, adequate sleep, avoiding hypothermia and overheating. You can not run the development of chronic diseases, they have a negative effect on the body's defense system and provoke the development of viral infections.
You should avoid sexual relations withrandom people. It is recommended to use condoms, even with a regular partner. During rashes should avoid any touches. To prevent infection during pregnancy, be sure to use a condom and the exclusion of oral sex.
Compliance with the rules of hygiene - washing hands after public places, using only personal hygiene items. It is desirable if the patient will lead a separate plate, a spoon, a towel, etc.
Sometimes justified vaccination aimed at suppressing the virus and preventing the awakening of an infection.