Today many people who do not even haveThe appropriate education, they use the achievements of psychology: they study the councils for the upbringing of children, attend lectures of scientists dedicated to establishing relationships, seek themselves and their place in the world with the help of books written by well-known psychologists.
Hikes to the psychoanalyst have already ceased to be a rarity.
People have long wondered how the human psyche works, and over time this interest grew into science.
The beginnings of psychology can be found even in the AncientGreece. Many philosophers have pondered over why one person behaves this way, and another - differently, why people react in a certain way to any events. Theories were built very different. Plato expressed the opinion that the human soul before birth was in the higher world, where it comprehended the secrets of the universe, and having got into the human body, is able to restore only individual episodes, and, at all different.
Hippocrates had a hypothesis thatThe temperament of a person depends on what kind of liquid prevails in his body: blood, bile, mucus or black bile (today it is assumed that the ancient Greek doctor had in mind the brown bile secreted in certain diseases). But all these theories were still very far from science.
The very term "psychology" arose in the XVI century fromThe Greek words "science" and "soul." There was this at the confluence of such fields of knowledge as philosophy and natural sciences. Before that time, human psychology was studied exclusively in the context of religion. The term was created by Rudolf Goklenius, and his student Otton Kasman wrote a series of works in which psychology and human somatology were studied separately.
The most important for psychology was the nineteenth century. It gradually separated from medicine, philosophy, exact sciences, becoming an independent subject. The most famous names of that time are Hermann Helmholtz, who studied the nervous system as the basis of the psyche, Ernst Weber, who was engaged in the dependence of the intensity of sensations on the stimuli caused by them, as well as the student Helmholtz Wilhelm Wundt, who opened the world's first psychological laboratory. This event occurred in 1879. It is this year that is considered the birth year of such a science as psychology. And scientists who worked in the XX century, significantly developed and deepened the knowledge of human psychology, and also made many discoveries that shed light on people's behavior.