Today, many people do not even haveappropriate education, psychology achievements are: learn tips on parenting, attend lectures of scientists dedicated to building relationships, looking for themselves and their place in the world with the help of books written by famous psychologists.
Trips to the psychoanalyst has ceased to be a rarity.
People have long wondered how arranged the human psyche, and with time, this interest grew into a science.
The beginnings of psychology can be found in ancientGreece. Many philosophers have speculated about why one person behaves, and the other - otherwise, why people react in a certain way at any event. Theory is very different. Plato expressed the opinion that the human soul before birth was in the upper world, where learning the secrets of the universe, and once in the human body is able to recover only a few episodes, and, at all different.
Hippocrates it was conjectured that theHuman temperament depends on whether liquid prevails in his body, blood, bile, phlegm or black bile (now assumed that the ancient Greek physician meant brown bile secreted in some diseases). But all these theories were still very far from science.
the term "psychology" itself appeared in the XVI century byGreek words "science" and "soul". It happened at the confluence of these fields of knowledge, philosophy and science. Until that time, human psychology has been studied only in the context of religion. The term created Rudolph Goclenius and his disciple Otto Kasman wrote a series of works in which separately studied psychology and human somatology.
The most important for psychology was the XIX century. It gradually separated from medicine, philosophy, exact sciences, becoming an independent subject. The most famous names of the time - it's Hermann Helmholtz, who studied the nervous system as the basis of the psyche, Ernst Weber, who dealt with the dependence of the intensity of the sensations caused by their incentives, as well as a pupil of Helmholtz Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychological laboratory in the world. This event happened in 1879. It was this year and is considered the year of birth of such sciences as psychology. But scientists working in the XX century, considerably developed and deepened the already knowledge of human psychology, and also made many discoveries that shed light on the behavior of people.