Russian language - the most common in Europe. He created many beautiful literary works which have entered the golden fund of human culture.
It is also one of the UN working languages, along with English, French, Chinese, Arabic and Spanish.
And how in general there was Russian?
During the times of Ancient Russia of its inhabitantsWe are talking to various East Slavic dialects that are very different from the modern standards of the Russian language. Then, after the baptism of Rus at the end of X century, a great influence on the spoken language began to provide the so-called Church Slavonic language used in worship. For a long time it has been used as the official written language. The first monument of Old Russian literature, written in Church Slavonic is considered Novgorod Codex, dating to the beginning of the XI century.
The inhabitants of ancient Russia took over the many words frompeoples with whom they had contact - for example, the Greeks (Byzantines) who brought Christianity, the nomadic peoples of Turkish origin, as well as the Scandinavians (Vikings).
Gradually, in the territory of ancient principalitiesWe began to take shape two major dialect groups: northern and southern dialects. They were distinguished by some special features. For example, the northern dialect is remarkable "Okan", and to the south - "Akan". An intermediate option between these major groups were Central Russian dialects. It is to the Central Russian dialects treated in Moscow.
As soon as Moscow became the centerRussian lands Moscow dialect is becoming more widespread, forcing other dialects. After getting rid of the Mongol-Tatar yoke, and especially after the adoption of the Moscow grand princes royal title, he was regarded as the official state language. In XVI-XVII centuries. Russian language added many new words, Latin, Polish and German origin.
In Peter the Great's era of reform was carried outRussian language, which had the aim of making it easier and more affordable for training. In addition, at the same time, the language has been enriched with many new words that came from the Netherlands, Germany and France. A new letter "E" came under Catherine II at the end of the XVIII century in the Russian alphabet.
After the October Revolution of 1917formed the final version of the Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters. In addition, as a result of the rapid development of mass media, mass literacy and the large-scale migration official Russian language almost entirely replaced the numerous dialects of treatment.