Modern man is a significant part of the knowledge derives from the media.
But there were times when to get new knowledge can be had only from books.
Spray-painted trim marks sheets of papyrus or parchment, rolled into a roll or stapled together, and were the first books.
From the History of the Book
Until then, some were oral talesthe only source of information. The transfer of knowledge and experience carried out in ancient times from person to person, by word of mouth. This information is often lost or distorted beyond recognition. To get rid of this shortcoming, people began to look for ways to consolidate the knowledge on some material basis, using the picture writing, and then writing it.
The most advanced ancient civilizations in the finalfinally invented writing. For this purpose, commonly used wooden boards, wax or clay tiles, soft metal sheets. In ancient Egypt, for example, the information recorded on sheets of papyrus, dressed in a special way. The earliest records on papyrus, folded into long scrolls, dating back to the third millennium BC. We can assume that the Egyptian scrolls and books were the first known in history.
The first manuscripts on parchment appearedmuch later, shortly before the onset of a new era. such books sheets bonded to each other, forming a small volume. Because of copiers in those years could only dream, the first book faithfully copied by hand by specially trained people. Over one book could work several masters: one prepared sheets of parchment, the other diligently deduced on their written symbols, the third was working on illustrations.
Further distribution of books
As time went on, writing spread widerand it required a large number of books. Parchment was rather expensive material, and therefore to make of it a significant circulation was unprofitable. In place of this paper came to the material. Where and when it was first invented, it is unlikely to establish reliably. According to some reports, China's paper began to be used for the production of books in the I century.
Later this material is perfect for booksWe began to do in Japan, Korea, the Middle East and India. In Europe, the paper has come about in the X century. The best varieties, which were on the production of books were made of cotton or linen rags, and later in the course went finely chopped wood. Paper books are much cheaper than those made from parchment, so spread much wider.
The revolution in the publication of books occurred in the middle of the XVcentury, when the German master Johann Gutenberg offered an original way of printing. In a device for printing, he used metal letters and line, through which it was possible relatively quickly to gain the whole page. Then letters smeared with a special paint and do the required number of prints on paper. Such a method of manufacture of books rather quickly became widespread. After that, the book became the property of the general public.