The modern European musical range goes back to the era of the Byzantine Empire.
At that time, it has already been used musical scale, similar to the well-known now.
pitch underlying understanding of music, and in a recorded piece of music from several music follow could be higher or lower than the previous one.
Besides the Byzantine system of musical notation system was used, proposed by the ancient Roman philosopher Boethius in the 6th century AD. It notes marked with the Latin letters from A to G.
Certain contribution to the development of music notation system put in his time the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans and other nations.
The ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras studied differentaspects of music theory, particularly the mathematical nature of harmony and musical scale. It is known, for example, that the height of the notes related to the length of the string playing and what their relationship. If the string shortened twice, you get the sound an octave higher.
Egyptians and Babylonians used a different formrefer to musical notes. Preserved their records about how to configure and how to play the lyre on certain strings. However, from that era there were only minor fragments of documentaries, and therefore can not create a music system at the time the finished painting.
The first recorded piece of music
The earliest sample is completely recordedmusical work, ie the lyrics and the musical notation it refers to the era of ancient Greece. The method used in it, is different from the current system. This musical piece called "Epitaph Seykilosu". The inscription was found in the ancient tomb in Turkey, and it dates from the first century AD.
The role of the church in the development of musical notes
In the early stages of music notation systemIt developed in various parts of Europe thanks to the efforts of the church. Many early musical texts intended for choral singing. In the records of the notes were prescribed sung syllable or word.
Church music of the time was called"Gregorian chant". The name she received thanks stood then at the head of the Church of the Pope, who was called Gregory the Great. He led the church in the period from 590 to 604 a year. But the height of the music notation system has not yet been developed. In the texts just mentioned, as it should be executed next note from the previous.
This problem was corrected by the introduction of a system of horizontal lines. First there was one line, and then they became four.
The invention is attributed to staveItalian monk of the Order of St. Benedict Guido of Arezzo, who lived in the years 991-1033. In his treatise on music notation, he used the first letters of the hymn to determine the height of notes. These letters were "ut", "D", "E", "F", "G", "A". In most countries, the name of "ut" turned into "before" and a few centuries later was added the note "B". Then have the notes have been designated by the names of "before" to "B".
When the Gregorian chant has become more complicated, it changedand sheet music notation. Modern stave of five horizontal lines was first used by French composer pérotin in 1200. He developed a musical polyphony.