In the states of the ancient world, such as ancient Egypt, human life has hung by his social class and status.
For example, artisans were a way of life, fundamentally different from the life of an official or military.
Artisans, like peasants, were due tounprivileged strata of the population of ancient Egypt. They had to pay high enough taxes for their activities. The most common crafts were weaving, woodworking, pottery. Also, Egypt was known master glassmakers and professionals working with metal.
The most prestigious job was consideredMetalworking. Goldsmiths often passed their craft is inherited, the best of them could be taken in the court of Pharaoh, and to carry out orders for the temples. Their job was well paid, and the artisans themselves this category have access to the spheres of religious life closed to outsiders. For example, they can produce images of the gods, who according to the rules of the cult had to remain a secret.
Specialists in forging of bronze did not usesuch honors as jewelers, but nevertheless also occupied a privileged position relative to other artisans, as produced weapons for the army of Pharaoh.
In ancient Egypt craftsmen usedrelatively simple tools. In ancient times and the Middle Kingdom metal parts tools made of bronze. From bronze made saws, axes, chisels. The pottery was also used simple technology - vases and other vessels were made on a potter's wheel. However, even with such simple tools, Egyptian craftsmen were able to produce items of high artistic value.
Craftsman often had to be evenartist as pottery and other products are often covered with complex ornaments and drawings. The exception was the painting on fabric - in ancient Egypt, color did most inexpensive coarse matter, and most prized pure white linen.
Artisans in the bulk are not dependentand people can work as private customers and the state. But due to the strong centralized power in Egypt is the state orders could provide significant income to artisans. In the case of large-scale project such as the construction of the temple, brought many specialists in stone processing. Presiding over such public works Architects. They personally watched on extraction of stone - limestone and granite - quarrying, and craftsmen were taken subsequently to the processing of individual architectural elements.