In the states of the ancient world, for example, in ancient Egypt, a person's life depended heavily on his class status and status.
For example, artisans led a way of life that was fundamentally different from the life of an official or a military man.
Craftsmen, like peasants, treatedUnprivileged segments of the population of ancient Egypt. They had to pay high enough taxes for their activities. The most common crafts were weaving, woodworking, pottery. Also, the master glassblowers and specialists working with metal were known to Egypt.
The most prestigious work wasMetal working. Goldsmiths often handed over their craft by inheritance, the best of them could be taken at the court of the Pharaoh, and also carry out orders for the churches. Their work was well paid, and artisans of this category had access to the spheres of religious life, closed to the uninitiated. For example, they could make images of the gods, which according to the rules of worship should remain a secret.
Experts on forging from bronze did not useSuch honors as jewelers, but nevertheless also occupied a privileged position with respect to other artisans, since they made weapons for the army of the pharaoh.
In Ancient Egypt, artisans usedFairly simple tools. In the times of the Ancient and Middle Kingdom, the metal parts of the tools were made of bronze. Bronze made saws, axes, chisels. In pottery, a simple technology was also used - vases and other vessels were made on a potter's wheel. However, with such simple tools, Egyptian artisans could produce things of high artistic value.
The artisan often had to beArtist, as clay vessels and other products were often covered with complex ornaments and drawings. The exception was the painting on the cloth - in Ancient Egypt the colored ones were most often made of inexpensive coarse materials, and most of all white flax was valued.
Artisans in the bulk were not dependentPeople and could work for both private customers and the state. But in connection with the strong centralized power in Egypt, it was the state orders that could provide significant incomes to artisans. In the case of a large-scale project, for example the construction of a temple, many specialists in stone processing were involved. State architects supervised similar works. They personally watched the mining of stone - limestone and granite - in the quarries, and artisans subsequently took on the processing of individual architectural elements.