Modern archaeologists have found quite a lotEvidence that the first people did not use fire for cooking, for heating or lighting. They were afraid of the fire and tried not to approach the burning dry grass or trees.
They knew that he was carrying death and destruction, and they could not tame the wild phenomenon of nature.
Who and how for the first time began to use fire until nowPores remains a mystery, but, most likely, it happened by chance. At some point, the ancient people noticed that after the forest fires there are hot logs that give heat, and the meat of dead animals becomes tastier. Another option is also possible: during a severe thunderstorm lightning could strike a dry tree and light it. Undoubtedly, the pioneer, who challenged his fear, was a real daredevil. Thanks to natural curiosity, ingenuity and courage, this primitive man gave his family or his tribe such a miracle as fire.
People who were killed during a thunderstorm or fireCarefully guarded, and care for him was entrusted only to the most responsible representatives of his community. However, sometimes the fire was extinguished, and the whole tribe was left without heat and light. In primitive society, there was an acute need to obtain fire, not hoping for the next thunderstorm or fire. Get it people in antiquity could only be experienced. It is not known how many ways they tried, but archaeological finds indicate that the goals reached only a few of them.
Scraping - the most simple, but laboriousWay of obtaining fire. Its essence was to drive a dry stick along a wooden plank. Pushing the wand with force, a man tried to achieve the smoldering of the plaque, then to pour dry grass and leaves and thus get a fire. Scientists have called this device a fire plow.
Another adaptation of the ancients is the fire saw. The main difference from the "plow" was that the person was driving a stick not along the board, but across it. Thus smoldering wood chips. However, soon man found a faster and easier way of obtaining fire - drilling. A hole was made in a log or a large piece of wood, into which a stick-drill was inserted. Due to the vigorous rubbing of the stick between the palms of his hands, smoke began to ooze from under her. This meant that the wood powder began to smolder.
Later and one of the most common andEffective methods of obtaining fire - carving a spark with the help of flint. Kremnem at that time served as an ordinary stone, which was struck hard by a piece of iron ore. The cutting of the spark was done at an incline so that the resulting sparks hit the leaves or dry grass. The fire burned this way much faster.