Hospice in English meansA medical institution in which incurable sick people live out their last days. The main idea of such establishments is to give the doomed people peace and comfortably to live their last days.
Hospices do not cure, but simply alleviate the suffering of terminally ill people. The first hospices in world history appeared in the 6th century.
But in Russia their history is not so rich - the first department for cancer patients was opened only in the autumn of 1903 in Moscow.
Today in Moscow there are 7 hospices - forOne for each district of the capital. At the same time, according to the world standards calculated by the World Health Organization (WHO), one hospice should serve about 400 000 people. Simple calculations show that hospices in Moscow are sorely lacking.
Hospices in Moscow
Hospice usually includes several services:
- stationary department-
- Department for Social Work with Patients-
- Out-patient-polyclinic services (or so-called exit service) -
- other support services.
To give a sick relative to the hospice does not meanrefuse him. It is possible to have around the clock the presence of family and friends next to the patient. In the hospice, the physical suffering of the doomed patient is simply much easier.
The help rendered in such medicalInstitutions of Moscow, usually refers to various legal issues (for example, solving problems with inheritance, etc.), social and psychological problems. And they work not only with patients, but also with their relatives. Also, on the basis of the hospice, volunteers are trained to care for seriously ill people.
Despite the fact that the hospice, in fact, is not curativeInstitution, take here doctors of the highest category, professionals with a capital letter. They, as a rule, have the richest experience of working with patients with oncology and know how the disease is going on, and also realize the stage of the disease in which their patients are located and maximally contribute to the more comfortable (if such a concept can be applied in this case ) Their stay in the hospital.
Plus the hospice is that the patient is in a semi-domestic atmosphere, and not in the hospital. After all, in most cases, severe patients end their lives in the intensive care unit of an ordinary hospital.
Hospices are divided into age categories -Adults (here they are accepted from the age of 18) and children. The only requirement for patients entering the hospice is registration in the hospice area. The relatives of the patient receive the referral to this medical institution either with the help of a local doctor or with the help of a hospice specialist. The patient's stay in the hospice is not limited. Doctors say that there are rare exceptions when a person recovers and leaves a medical institution in order to start a new life. But, unfortunately, this happens very, very rarely, since the 4th stage of cancer is practically the final diagnosis.
Open vacancies in hospices are many. But in most cases, these are free positions for volunteers who are able to help patients free of charge.
Paid Hospice in Moscow
Hospice is a free medical facility. But, of course, due to the fact that funding comes from the budget, and it is far from large, the level of comfort here is not the highest. Therefore, in the capital there are also private hospices, in which the same services are provided for money.
The main difference between commercial centers is that inTheir level of comfort is an order of magnitude higher than in state institutions. In the chambers there is everything necessary for life: a TV, good quality beds, an improved bathroom, etc. Also in paid hospices usually have their own kitchen, which is very close to the restaurant, i.e. Food is much better and tastier, and is also prepared for the patient, taking into account his preferences.
As for prices, the management of such hospicesAsserts that they are quite loyal and perfectly correspond to the price-quality ratio. However, it is worth considering and the fact that in this type of hospice the patient's stay directly depends on how long he is paid for. As soon as payments cease to arrive, the person is sent home.