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History of art crochet

Bag, crocheted

crochet art originated not less than five hundred years ago, but to this day has not lost its popularity.

With the crochet hook skillful mastersfast and relatively easy to create a beautiful lace collar and cuffs, scarves, napkins, tablecloths, toys, and sometimes original items of clothing - vests, jackets, dresses and summer coats.

How did the art of crochet

The famous traveler and knitter AnniePotter says that the art of crochet originated in the sixteenth century. Dane Lisa polyude put forward just three of the theory of the emergence of this art. According to the first of them, crochet originated in Arabia, then spread eastward to Tibet and to the west to Spain, and then - in other European countries. According to the second version, the first time took up the hook representatives of the primitive tribes of South America, are made with the help of ornaments. The third version is that crochet came up with the creators of the many varieties of arts and crafts Chinese. They first appeared crocheted dolls volume.

The first mention about the art of crochet in Western Europe

The first written reference to crochet,called "shepherd knitting" found in "Memoirs of a Scottish Lady Elizabeth Grant", written in the nineteenth century. Patterns for crochet were first published in 1824 in the Dutch journal "Penelope".
There is a version that crochet appearedin the nineteenth century as a form of tambour embroidery. The first crochet hooks can be as primitive bent needles with cork handle and expensive items made of silver, steel or ivory. Of course, the precious hooks for rich ladies were created not only for work, but in order to draw attention to their lovely white handles.
During the famine of 1845-1849 in Ireland oneform of famine relief was to ensure their orders on lace crocheted. Tradition attributes the invention of the art of Irish crochet lace Mlle Riego affairs Blanchard, who in 1846 published the first book dedicated to the manufacture of products in this technique.

Crochet in Russia

In Russian art crochet it appeared in the late nineteenth century. Needlewoman specialized mainly in the manufacture of lace patterns for which they borrowed from the weaving and cross stitch.
Nowadays, honed by centuries of knitting skillsCrochet has not lost its relevance. Although there was one time believed that machine knitting gradually replace the manual, hand-made products are becoming more and more popular. At the same time crochet seems to be more interesting and attractive than knitting. Easier to develop, it allows you to create truly unique products finest work.

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