Folic acid, vitamin B9, is producedthe body in amounts sufficient to ensure a normal life. Its deficiency is manifested by symptoms such as persistent headaches, depression and fatigue, nervous disorders and depression.
Lack of folic acid is particularly dangerous for pregnant women because it can lead to pathologies of the fetus.
But no less dangerous and its overabundance.
What is folic acid the human body
Folic acid or vitamin B9 is requiredthe body, as is involved in hematopoietic function of the body, provides health and growth of hair, skin cell regeneration ability of the nervous system to counteract stress. It is also important for a good working of the brain, improves the cardiovascular system, the stomach and liver, helps to improve appetite and digestion. The conducted study in various countries, have concluded that vitamin B9 and reduces the risk of ovarian and breast cancer.
For women of childbearing age average daily intake of vitamin B9 is about 400-500 mg.
Especially folic acid is essential for futuremother, because its deficiency can cause serious developmental defects in the fetus. It is, first of all, congenital heart defects, as well as malnutrition and large arteries defects. With the shortage of doctors B9 associated malformations such physical and mental development, as a cleft palate and Down syndrome.
Since there is initially in the bodyfolic acid deficiency, it should come with the food, but the modern technology of their cultivation and production do not suggest a sufficient content of these folic acid. The plants simply do not have time to accumulate it in the fruit and leaves, and during subsequent storage and heat treatment more than half of it is lost. Therefore, women have to take vitamin complexes and supplements containing B9.
Folic acid is found in wheat and it sprouted grains, bran, lentils and soybeans, as well as poultry meat, liver, egg yolks, nuts, cauliflower, broccoli, spinach and asparagus.
The risk of folate overdose
As a disadvantage, and an overabundance of vitamin B9during gestation can cause serious diseases of the child after birth. Scientists from the US National Institute of Environmental Health conducted extensive research, which was attended by about 2,000 mothers with children. It was found that the increase in the level of vitamin B9 in the blood plasma in the period of gestation is a factor that provoked a tendency to asthmatic manifestations in children. These symptoms occurred in these kids in 2 times more likely than those whose mothers did not use the unchecked preparations containing folic acid. The damage it has been proven in cases where children under the age of one and a half years, whose mothers drank during pregnancy folic acid supplements was observed increased susceptibility to acute respiratory diseases.