Folic acid, vitamin B9, is producedOrganism in quantities insufficient to ensure normal vital activity. Its deficiency is manifested by symptoms such as constant headaches, depression and loss of strength, nervous disorders and depression.
Lack of folic acid is especially dangerous for a pregnant woman, as it can lead to pathologies of fetal development.
But no less dangerous is its overabundance.
What is folic acid for human body?
Folic acid or vitamin B9 is neededThe body, as it participates in the hematopoietic function of the body, provides health and hair growth, regeneration of skin cells, the ability of the nervous system to counteract stress. It is also important for good work of the brain, improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system, stomach and liver, improves appetite and digestion. Studies conducted in different countries have led to the conclusion that vitamin B9 reduces the risk of developing and developing ovarian and breast cancers.
For women of childbearing age, the average daily norm of vitamin B9 is about 400-500 μg.
Especially folic acid is necessary for futureMother, because its deficiency can cause serious developmental defects in the fetus. This, first of all, congenital heart defects, as well as malnutrition and defects of large arteries. With a deficit of B9, physicians associate such vices of physical and mental development as cleft palate and Down's syndrome.
Since the body initially existsDeficiency of folic acid, it should come along with food, but modern technologies for their cultivation and production do not allow us to talk about the sufficient content of folic acid in them. Plants just do not have time to accumulate it in fruits and leaves, and with subsequent storage and heat treatment, more than half of it is lost. Therefore, women are forced to take vitamin complexes and supplements containing B9.
Folic acid is found in wheat and its sprouted grains, bran, lentils and soybeans, as well as poultry, liver, egg yolks, nuts, cauliflower, broccoli, spinach and asparagus.
The risk of an overdose of folic acid
Both a lack and an excess of vitamin B9 inThe process of gestation can cause serious illnesses of the child after his birth. Scientists from the American National Institute of Environmental Health conducted large-scale studies in which about 2000 mothers with children participated. It was found that the increased level of vitamin B9 in the blood plasma during the period of gestation is a factor that provoked a predilection for asthmatic manifestations in children. These manifestations occurred in such babies 2 times more often than those whose mothers did not take uncontrolled preparations containing folic acid. Harm was proved in cases when children under the age of one and a half years, whose mothers used folic additives during pregnancy, noted an increased tendency to acute respiratory infections.