In everyday life, it is rare enough to hear such expressions as a half-blooded or half-cousin relative.
However, sometimes there are questions, what are these concepts?
The meaning of concepts
According to the views of ancestors, bloodIs inherited on the paternal line, that is, it is transmitted during the intrauterine development from the pope to the son or daughter. As a result, children born by different women from the same man are considered to be half-blooded relatives. Despite the modern achievements of genetics and the realization that any trait is inherited from both parents, and as a result of gene modifications, new signs may appear, the concept of a half-brother remains in use and refers specifically to children born from one father.
Unisexual brothers are such relatives,Whose inner development took place in one womb. Thus, the children of one woman are one-half brothers and sisters. At the same time, even sons born by one woman from different fathers are considered one-womb.
It is easy to see that the family, in the modern sense, brothers are both half-blooded and one-half-niece relatives, therefore they are called full-blooded relatives.
A bit of history
In the heyday of the Great Roman EmpireIt was believed that half-brothers are more closely related to each other than one-womb brothers. This is explained quite simply: in those days in Rome, patriarchy reigned, so, naturally, the man was more respected and deserved more respect than the woman. If for some reason it came down to the division of the inheritance and a dispute arose between the half-brothers - the claims were considered. Dissatisfaction with half-brothers in the calculation was not accepted.
In Athens, marriages between half-brothers and a sister were considered possible. While the marriage of one-year-old relatives was prohibited by law.
Abraham, the hero of the Jewish bible, married his half-sister.
The main difference between full-fledged,Half-brothers and half-brothers in terms of legislation of modern countries is only the right of inheritance. In many countries, such as France and Austria, half-brothers in the division of inheritance are entitled to a part that is twice as large as that laid down by a half-human or one-half.
In the legislation of the Russian Federation there is a law regulating the inheritance of half-children and one-half-children.
In the legislation of the Baltic countriesHalf-children and one-half-children do not participate in the sharing of the inheritance at all, if the parents, in addition to them, have full-fledged children. In the absence of common children, the inheritance of the couple is divided between half-brothers and half-brothers.