Pineapple is a fruit that grows in tropical countries around the world.
His homeland is South America, but now it is grown on an industrial scale in Thailand, the Philippines, Hawaii, Australia, Brazil, India and Mexico.
Peculiarities of pineapple growth and development
Pineapple is a perennial herb, withHard, fleshy, leathery leaves that are capable of accumulating moisture, which allows the plant to tolerate drought quite comfortably. Depending on the grade and age, pineapple can reach 1.5 m in height, but usually the bush is small, about 70 cm.
The plant multiplies by seeds and vegetatively, the second method is the most common. In the land planted tops of the fruit with a rosette of leaves, the so-called tufted.
Although pineapple grows very actively in the first year, it gives the first fruits only a year after planting, but since it is perennial, several fruits are obtained from one bush.
From the top pineapple produces spikedInflorescence with many red and purple flowers. From each such flower develops a berry, in the course of their growth they join and form a fruit. After the first fruit ripens, pine shoots have side shoots in the axils of the leaves, which are used for its vegetative reproduction.
How Pineapple grows at home
In the same way you can grow pineapple andRoom conditions. Cut off the top with a small amount of pulp, remove a few lower leaves from the tuft and leave for a couple of days. During this time the slice should dry up.
Choose in the store a mature pineapple with a healthy tuft, it should not be rotten or frozen. In this case, the skin of the fruit should be golden brown.
Then put the top in a glass of water andPlace in a warm sunny place. Periodically, the water in the glass should be changed. Approximately 3-4 weeks should appear roots. Now you can plant the plant in the ground.
Pineapple requires light sandy soil. Make it from the substrate for indoor plants, sand and peat in equal proportions or use a special primer for bromeliads.
Take a small pot. At the bottom, fill the drainage, then the soil, all moisten and plant the rooted stalk. The plant will take root for quite some time for about two months, then new healthy leaves should appear.
Often when growing pineapple in a roomConditions, you can not wait for flowering and fruiting, but if your plant is already mature enough and develops well, you can try to make it bear fruit.
Pour a teaspoon of calcium carbide in halfLiter of water, cover the jar with a lid and leave the mixture for a day. Then pour the solution into another container, trying not to get a sediment in it. Within a week, once a day, pour 50 grams of solution into the base of the leaves. After a similar procedure, the plant should blossom after a month and a half. Having given a fruit, the plant will die, but it will release many lateral shoots, from which it is possible to grow new pineapple bushes.