Luxury orchids can be successfully grown in the home.
These plants are not picky, as is commonly believed.
Keep in mind a few quirks tropical beauties, and they will delight you long flowering lush.
Home orchids: what they are
At home, the better to grow especiallyVarieties potted orchids - such as Phalaenopsis, Cymbidium, coelogyne or odontoglossum. These plants are characterized by decorative and small size, as well as a short or no rest period. These plants do not need to move in a darkened room, their soil should always be moist. Orchids without a rest period can bloom all year round.
Soil, light and watering
The main requirements of orchids - constantSoil moisture. Miniature types can be grown in terrariums, and higher plants in pots should be placed on a tray with moist pebbles. It is advisable to keep the plant away from steam radiators, heaters and air conditioners. Always spray the air around the orchids. If possible, place the plant in a room with a home humidifier or air cleaning. For irrigation use soft water, purified or defended.
Plants like bright diffused light. They can be placed on the window, protected from direct sunlight and drafts. If orchids are far from the natural light source lamp set over them. The ideal light conditions for the plants - 10-15 hours of bright light daily. Standing at the window, a flower needs time to turn from time to time. Orchids do not like too low a temperature or heat. The ideal settings for them - 17-20 degrees. Desirably, day and night temperatures were the same.
Orchids do not require frequent and transplantationThey prefer to close the container. Protruding from the pot roots do not interfere with the normal development of plants. Move into a new flower pot stands, only when, because of the closeness he stops growing. When transplanting is best to use special soil for orchids. In the summer the plants should be fed a liquid complex fertilizer.
In spite of its capriciousness, orchids are resistant topests. However, due to high humidity, they can be susceptible to fungal diseases - this signal soft spots on the leaves. Seeing them, immediately remove the affected area and isolate the plant itself.
Another enemy of orchids - gray mold. It appears when the plant is in a very cool place. Place the flower in the heat, and regularly spray the air around him, trying not to fall on the leaves. Do not forget about the light mode. A few days later the state of the orchid should improve.