Luxury orchids can be successfully grown at home.
These plants are not so capricious as it is commonly believed.
Take into account a few quirks of tropical beauties, and they will long please you with a magnificent blossom.
Domestic orchids: what they are
At home, it is better to grow speciallyDerived varieties of indoor orchids - for example, phalaenopsis, tsimbidium, tsologinu or odontoglossum. These plants are decorative and small in size, as well as a short or completely absent rest period. Such plants do not need to be moved to darkened rooms, their soil must always be moist. Orchids without a period of rest can bloom all year round.
Soil, light and watering
The main requirement of orchids is a constantSoil moistening. Miniature species can be grown in terrariums, and higher plants in pots should be placed on a tray with moist pebbles. It is desirable to keep the plants away from the batteries of steam heating, heaters and air conditioners. Constantly spray the air around the orchids. If possible, put in the room with plants a household humidifier or a car wash. For irrigation, use soft cleaned or standing water.
Plants like bright diffuse light. They can be placed on the window, protecting from direct sunlight and drafts. If the orchids stand far from the natural light source, set the lamps above them. The ideal light mode for plants is 10-15 hours of bright light daily. The flower standing on the window should be turned from time to time. Orchids do not like too low temperatures or heat. The ideal mode for them is 17-20 degrees. It is desirable that the temperature is the same day and night.
Orchids do not require frequent transplantation andPrefer tight containers. Protruding from the pot roots do not interfere with the normal development of plants. Move the flower to a new pot is only when it stops growing because of the tightness. When transplanting it is better to use a special primer for orchids. In summer, plants need to be fed with liquid complex fertilizer.
Despite its capriciousness, orchids are resistant toPests. However, because of the high humidity, they can be prone to fungal diseases - this is signaled by soft spots on the leaves. After noticing them, immediately remove the affected areas, and isolate the plant itself.
Another enemy of orchids is gray rot. It appears if the plant is in a too cool place. Place the flower in the heat and regularly spray the air around it, trying not to fall on the leaves. Do not forget about the light mode. In a few days, the state of the orchid should improve.