A healthy and robust seedlings of tomatoes - the key to a good harvest.
To correct it to grow, you need to know some of the subtleties of preparation of the soil and seeds for planting, and especially caring for the plants.
To grow good seedlings at hometomatoes, it is important to pay attention to the quality of the soil. Usually, it is prepared in the fall, mixing in equal amounts turf ground, humus and sand. Before planting the seeds, it is desirable to conduct steaming soil that killed the larvae of pests and pathogens. Sometimes it is enough to pour it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
If the seeds a little, you can buy in the store the soil prepared for growing tomatoes. It contains all the nutrients needed by plants.
Prepare tomato seeds
Seeds for growing good seedlings of tomatoesmust be pre-treated against the disease, and then fertilize. For disinfection use a solution of potassium permanganate dark. Tomato seeds were placed in a piece of gauze and dipped in the solution for 15 minutes.
After treatment, they should be rinsed with running waterand a day to soak in water with trace element solution, designed for feeding seedlings. Then the seeds in a moist cloth should be left in a warm place for germination. Sprouts hatch in 4-5 days.
Seedlings grown tomatoes convenient in specialplastic containers. You can take the cartons or plastic cups out of the dairy products. it is recommended to make a few holes in the bottoms of plastic containers.
Pre-moistened soil spread in boxes,containers or cups. With a pencil in the land of make furrows depth of 1 cm distance should be about 5 cm between them, and between the seeds -. 2 cm. The cups, pots or small containers can be sown on 3 pc.
The seeds are laid in grooves sprinkled themland and moisturize from the sprayer. To seedling quickly hatch, cover the containers with plastic wrap and put in a warm, well-lit room with air temperature of 21 ° C.
When you see shoots the most importantprovide them with light, otherwise the seedlings will be extended. Fledgling sprouts can sprinkle a little ground - before the first leaves. Watering seedlings closer to the edge of the cup (around the circumference) and then loosen the soil. This avoids the disease called "black leg".
A pick tomatoes seedlings stimulates growthadditional roots. Manipulations are carried out with the appearance of 2-3 true leaves. Plants dive in pots or other containers. The soil was tamped lightly to them. With the help of sticks in the center make a hole deep almost to the bottom of the cup.
Seedlings need to dive abundantly watered. Plants transplant conveniently retrieve with a fork. To pick necessary to select well-developed, strong plants and remove cotyledonary and first 2 plate. Seedlings are placed in a container and compacted soil. As the soil is recommended to pour into the pots. The measure stimulates the growth of new roots.
Care for seedlings
Do not get too much water the plants, however,complete drying of the land is unacceptable. Good seedlings of tomatoes is obtained when it fed a solution of fertilizer. The first feeding should be 10 days after the pick, the second - two weeks later. Fertilizing should be combined with irrigation. After watering the earth loosened slightly.
To maximize natural light,using homemade reflectors of light, made of cardboard and new shiny foil. Cardboard wrapped with foil and put behind the seedlings. As a result, street light reflected on the plants, the illumination increases by 10-20%.
Hardening seedlings of tomatoes
Tomato seedlings begin to harden whendaily temperature reaches 10 ° C. On the day, the plants put on a balcony. At first, they are protected from direct sunlight by means of paper. If the glazed balcony, and the night the air temperature does not drop below 0 ° C, the seedlings can be left on the balcony of the clock, closing it at night.