Nalchik is the capital of the Kabardino-Balkarian republic of the Russian Federation.
In translation from Karachay-Balkar language "nalchik" means horseshoe, it is in its form and resembles this locality.
The city is on a dead-end railwayA branch that starts on a large node - the station Prohladnaya. At the moment the railway station of Nalchik serves only one pair of long-distance passenger trains - №№ 061/062 "Nalchik-Moscow". From Moscow to Nalchik by train you can drive in about 36 hours. Also Nalchik station is the terminal for electric trains connecting this settlement with Mineralnye Vody and the city of Prokhladny.
Drivers can get to Nalchik with the help ofOwn vehicles. Through this settlement lies the route M29 "Caucasus" (in some atlases - P217), linking each other to Mineralnye Vody, Armavir, Pyatigorsk, Beslan, Grozny, Makhachkala and Derbent. To get to Nalchik from Moscow, you need to use the highway M4 "Don", and then in the village of Pavlovskaya turn to M29. In addition, in Nalchik, the motorway P288 begins, leading to the town of Maisky.
In Nalchik there are two bus stations, servicesWhich can be used by the traveler who wants to get to this village. The first bus station serves intercity communication, and the second - suburban. Nalchik has a direct bus connection with Moscow, Kislovodsk, Krasnodar, Pyatigorsk, Novorossiysk and many other cities of Russia. International flights Nalchik-Baku and Nalchik-Sukhum also run here. The journey from Moscow to Nalchik by bus takes about 23-24 hours.
In the northeast of Nalchik there is the same nameAirport, which can also be used by the traveler. At the moment the plane to Nalchik can only be reached from Moscow (Vnukovo), the flight time is about 2-2.5 hours. In addition, charter flights to Nalchik, Jordan, Syria and Turkey.