Poor ventilation of the basement rooms and lack of waterproofing the foundation are considered the main causes of mold or mildew.
To get rid of them, you first have to disinfect a cellar, to remove fungus and mold, and then take care of proper ventilation and waterproofing.
Preparations for disinfection of the basement
In the spring or early summer, when the basementmost of the products available, bring all that is left of the room. Metal scrapers clean the walls. With special care to do it in the places of occurrence of mold or mildew. If possible, remove the racks, carry them to dry and process disinfecting composition. If they are not dismantled, it is necessary to get rid of fungal spores on shelves in the basement. If the floors in the basement excavation, remove the top layer prior to disinfection of premises.
Basement prepared. Now select the tools that are available to you, and effective in the fight against fungus. A good tool is considered to be sulfur, or rather a pair of sulfur dioxide. They are able to destroy the spores of the fungus in all the crevices and other inaccessible places. Before processing facilities close pairs sulfur vents. Light in a metal or ceramic boat, alone piece of sulfur. Immediately leave the cellar premises and tightly cover the door behind him. Ten hours thoroughly ventilate the room. After processing, the gray can carefully handle the walls, ceiling and floor of the basement with a solution of hydrated lime.
100 g of sulfur is sufficient to treat 50 cubic meters sealed space. Released during combustion of sulfur sulfur dioxide destroys molds, yeast and fungi brownies.
Very simple, accessible and convenient for whitewashbasement purpose of disinfection with formalin solution and bleach water. It is also suitable for prophylactic treatment of basements. Good acts as a disinfectant solution of slaked lime and perchloric 50:50. It is prepared in the same way as for whitewash.
Another recipe disinfectant: 100 gr. copper sulfate, 1 kg of fresh lime and two 10-liter buckets of water. If you live in an area where a lot of clay, you can prepare a solution of copper sulfate with clay. Proportions: 10 liters of water to 1 liter of a solution of copper sulfate and clay.
Disinfection of metal and wooden racks and shelves in the basement
Metal racks can then get rid ofmold on the walls treated with a solution dezaktina. It is added to warm water and washed according to instructions all painted surfaces. For wooden racks and shelves can be used formalin solution or bleach. However, this treatment is best done in the open air to dry the board faster.
A more complex composition for the treatment of woodracks will allow for a long time to protect the wood from fungus. The recipe is his: 200 g wax and 200 g of linseed oil to melt. It is necessary to separately melt 100 g of rosin and then gradually add 160 ml of turpentine. Thereafter, all mixed together with vigorous stirring. Solution in the water bath should be adjusted to 80 degrees. Then put it on the board until it is warm. If you can get a germicidal lamp, it is possible after treatment disinfector basement to install a lamp at night. It is useful to continue to do so periodically when in the basement will not produce.
Eliminate the remnants of moisture in the basement can be improvised means. Suitable solid enamelled tank with lime, as well as a box of charcoal or white moss.
How to deal with high humidity in the cellar
Mold and mildew love to settle in humidbasements with poor ventilation. To output the raw stale air and an unpleasant odor, make two vents, using this simple tube. The main thing - to bring them to the surface. In the basement of one pipe must go near the ceiling, the other - from the floor. If you provide a pipe deflectors will pull more at any wind speed.
With waterproofing the basement and floors makes it difficult. Typically, such work is carried out at the construction stage. Test and tweak blind area, not to give a chance to flooding. You can use the walls for any water-repellent material, such as Penetron, and cover them with any bitumen solution or bitumen emulsion.