The term "mental traps" is used inThe book of the same name is mathematician, philosopher and psychologist, honorary professor of the psychology faculty of the University of Toronto André Kukla. He literally "on his fingers" explains to readers how their own brain controls them, not giving inner freedom and holding the person on a short leash of false truths.
As a result, our life turns into a chain of obstacles that we can not overcome on the way to harmony.
The list of traps is great - Andre Kukla highlights11 types: persistence, amplification, fixation, reversion, anticipation, resistance, tightening, separation, acceleration, regulation, formulation. The first trap from the list is perseverance. We continue to do something that does not fit with our desires and goals, moreover, hinders their implementation. You can formulate the essence of this phenomenon as follows: "Mice cried, pricked, but continued to eat cactus." In such cases it is important to say to myself: I will not gain anything by completing what I started. Moreover, I will not lose anything and even win many times, interrupting an unpleasant and meaningless process.
Amplification, or excess of effort, threatens fatallyLow efficiency of your activities. (From Wikipedia: "Coefficient of efficiency & lt- ... & gt- is determined by the ratio of the useful energy used to the total amount of energy received by the system"). We often hear a compliment: he has such a thorough approach to business! But there is a disproportionate cost and result: we stand a kilometer turn to save 50 rubles, and to weld an egg, we write a lengthy algorithm. In any situation, it is important to understand how effective your internal system is, whether the device is idle.
Fixation and reversion are traps that carry stagnation inOur lives. This category can be attributed to the tightening. And if you "pull the cat by the tail" by all admit to the wrong strategy, then, let's say, the fixation is readily taken for concentration at any event. However, when fixing on the arrival of guests, scheduled in an hour, all other matters arise. We could still sew a shirt or watch a movie, but we walk from corner to corner without any purpose. Reversion makes us endlessly grind in the brain a week ago, talk, to prepare a year ago the finished relationship. But our point of reference should move forward, and we should not compare our experience with the year before. Bury at last your dead and live on.
The lead trap forces us to get the keysFrom the house in the bus, to collect a suitcase a month before the holiday and in September to wait for the New Year. On the one hand, it is far-sighted and prudent, on the other - all the events before the marked fall, lose value. Between September and the New Year there is also a golden autumn, and before the holiday you must pass a quarterly report. And this deserves attention much more than the ghostly one is not even "the day after tomorrow", but "after". Fear of the future comes from here - we tolerate unloved work and people, because suddenly things will get worse.
Resistance is our inertia. To open the door, you have to get up from the couch to eat, you have to stop digging. We are busy with business or not doing things and switch with great difficulty. For the body, switching is a kind of stress that takes you beyond the comfort zone at a particular moment. However, going beyond this zone is a guarantee of success: we will communicate with a close person, we will fill the forces or raise the level of income.