Fungal diseases of the skin and its appendages (hairAnd nails) - a common disease in humans. And cause them pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic fungi of the genus Candida, etc. To avoid such a trouble, it is important to understand the symptoms and know the measures of preventing fungal diseases.
Classification of fungal diseases
Depending on the depth of penetration into the skinLayers, fungal diseases are divided into superficial (keratomycosis) and deep (dermatophytosis, deep mycoses and candidiasis). The latter can affect the mucous membranes and internal organs of man. Each fungal disease has its own localization, determined on a specific area of the skin or covering all skin surfaces.
To the most common superficial mycosesInclude pityriasis (colored lichen). Among dermatophytosis, most often met microsporia, epidermophytia and foot mycoses. Deep mycoses (histoplasmosis, etc.) are capable of affecting the central nervous system and are often chronic with relapses. Candidias mostly affect the oral mucosa, genital organs and tissues around them.
Identify the genus of the pathogen by means of specialAnalyzes and appoint treatment is only possible by a professional dermatologist. The mycologist is more narrowly involved in fungal infections, but he is not in every polyclinic you meet.
You should be alerted to any changes in the color of the skin, the formation of spots or vesicles, peeling of the skin and its detachment, accompanied by intolerable itching.
For example, a discordant lichen begins withThe appearance of specks of yellow color, which over time grow and flake. Mycoses of feet and nails are characterized by the appearance of redness and itching in the interdigital folds, smoothly flowing into cracks and ulcers in the absence of timely treatment. Nails turn yellow and begin to separate. Microsporia affects the scalp and it is not without reason that the second name is ringworm. Hair with microsporia lesions begin to fall out, and in their place an annular crust is formed. Histoplasmosis with dust enters the lungs and its symptoms are similar to primary tuberculosis. In Russia, histoplasmosis is rare.
Most of the fungi fall on the skinA person by external ways. Some fungal diseases (more often candidiasis) can begin due to stress of the body and weakened human immunity.
For the treatment of mycoses, variousAntibiotics and antifungal ointments and creams (for example, Amikazol, Batrafen and others). However, antifungal drugs often have increased toxicity and have a large number of contraindications. Therefore, fungal diseases are easier to prevent than treat.
The main component in terms of preventionFungi is the observance of personal hygiene. Going to the pool, do not forget the rubber slippers and use only your towel. In a sauna, do not sit down without a sheet on the benches in the steam room, in hotels use also your toiletries and towels. Never take another's hairbrush, but in the hairdresser, make sure that the scissors and combs are in a special container for anti-infective treatment.
To avoid infection with fungal infections,It is necessary to try on clothing in stores on the naked body, and already bought clothes or shoes must immediately be subjected to thermal or alcohol treatment (wash clothes or if possible boil and then iron, and shoes from inside wipe with alcohol lotion or process an infrared dryer for shoes). A steamer for clothes is perfect. It does not affect the structure and color of the fabric, and the temperature of the steam can permanently rid the thing of various microbes, mites and fungus.
Do not contact with stray animals, washHands after traveling on public transport and before each meal, try not to touch the person on the street, if you are not sure about the cleanliness of your hands, increase immunity, and you will avoid many unpleasant consequences. Including, and such infections, as a fungus.