Arterial pressure above 140/90 in official medicine is considered increased. The condition of a person with such indicators is called arterial hypertension.
Factors that provoke its development are many, but there are among them prevalent, occurring more often than others.
Knowing from which the pressure rises, it is necessary to prevent in time or even eliminate the possibility of these causes.
Stresses are one of the leadingFactors of increase of arterial pressure. With negative emotional experiences, tension, fear, anxiety, unique body systems produce an ejection of biologically active substances that help to cope with the situation or circumstances (here it is necessary to speak, in the first place, about the distracting factor). We are talking about adrenaline, norepinephrine, dopamine, etc. These substances inevitably raise the level of blood pressure. In cases when it comes to hypertension, stress can also be attributed to lack of sleep and a chaotic regime of the day.
Over the years, arteries are characterized by a loss of naturalFlexibility and elasticity. As a result, the lumen of the vessels decreases, which inevitably leads to disturbances in the bloodstream. The blood has to overcome colossal resistance, which eventually leads to hypertension.
It does not mean a couple of extra pounds,And the excess weight in the stage of "Obesity" or very close to this phase. Excess weight creates a strain on the entire body. Especially the heart and blood vessels suffer. The "flame motor" has to pass through it significantly larger volumes of blood, while it enters the blood vessels at a higher pressure than in people with normal weight. In addition, in almost 95% of cases, this phenomenon is accompanied by hypercholesterolemia - an increase in the level of cholesterol in the blood, which at times increases the risk of developing atherosclerosis. Reducing the body weight by only 1 kg (with obesity) can reduce the pressure level by 1 mm Hg.
The human body needs to move no less,Than in oxygen. Its lack provokes violations in the work of many organs and systems. The heart is weakened, its contractions become sluggish, the vessels lose their elasticity (in fact, there are no regular exercises leading to oxygen intake). In addition, the metabolism is disrupted, which in turn leads to rapid weight gain and, without taking timely measures, to obesity. As you understand, all this taken together inevitably triggers an interconnected chain of interrelated processes leading to the development of hypertension.
Smoking. Nicotine, which enters the body, narrows the blood vessels, negatively affects the adrenal glands, which, in turn, secrete adrenaline, which causes the heart to beat more often (that is, conditions are created for increased heart burden, which is very dangerous in case of narrowed vessels). Smokers have a 15% decrease in oxygen in the blood.
Alcohol. Abuse of alcohol-containing beverages provokes an increased sensitivity of the body to stress, reduces the ability to quickly recover. In addition, alcohol is quite caloric, so its excessive use can lead to obesity.
Strong non-alcoholic drinks containing caffeine. These include, first of all, strong black tea and strong natural coffee, as well as today's popular energy. From the latter, people prone to increased pressure should refuse altogether, and make coffee and tea not very strong and add cream or milk to them. If you do not think your life without natural coffee, drink no more than 200 ml of an invigorating drink a day (two cups).
Unlimited salt intake
If you are a lover of a salty, but sufferIncreased pressure, you will have to reconsider the amount of salt consumed by you during the day. The fact is that a large amount of salt leads to an increase in the level of sodium in the body, which contributes to the retention of fluid in it. This leads to edema, palpitations, irregularity of the blood flow and, as a result, to hypertension.
The daily norm of salt for a healthy person is from 4 to 15 grams. Patients with hypertension are recommended to reduce this amount to 1-2 grams.