But the path of real scientists - not only continuous research, but also the need to defend their theories to the critics.
By hypothesizing to its recognition by the scientific community it is a bumpy ride, sometimes ending in tragedy.
The scientific legacy of the infamousmedieval scientist Giordano Bruno is shrouded in mystery. We know that he has worked in many areas of science, philosophy and religion, wrote several treatises, which questioned canonized Christian truths. Throughout his life Bruno tried to prove its undeniable truth, for which he was misunderstood, persecuted, forced to wander, and the last few years before his execution had been imprisoned. For what the Catholic Church because of his monk punished?
The first steps in science
A few years Bruno spent at the French court of King Henry III of teaching his theories.
Filippo Bruno at age 11 has been given to his father inNeapolitan school to study classical while disciplines: literature, dialectic logic. Continuing the traditional path of his time, in 1565 the young man becomes a novice at the monastery of St. Dominic, and gets the name Giordano. Within the walls of the monastery, he delves into the study of science, discovering mathematics and philosophy, reflects on the theory of the structure of the universe and the place of God and man in it. Already in his early years, he criticized key Catholic doctrines such as chastity, Mary and voluntary acceptance of Jesus penalty. Monk's behavior was extremely bold and risky, so Bruno to learn that the monastery leadership launched an investigation into his views and activities, fled from their walls.
The philosophy of Giordano Bruno
Proceedings of Giordano Bruno enter the Index of prohibited books, compiled by the Catholic Church.
Wandering through Europe in search of asylum, BrunoHe continued his scientific career. Based on the heliocentric system of Nicolaus Copernicus and continuing the philosophy of Neo-Platonism, Bruno finds the infinity of the universe, consisting of distant galaxies at the center of each of which is "my sun." The basis of the universe, he believed "the world soul", common to all the worlds. Thus Bruno refutes the Christian division of the material (earth) and divine (heavenly) worlds, claiming God is not only the creator of nature, but nature itself. United divine soul, he believed, lives in every human being and every phenomenon of nature that essentially equates with God.
Enforcement of the sentence
Available views that were prevalent in the eraRenaissance, were unacceptable in the Middle Ages. In 1591 after being denounced by Giovanni Mochegino, which Giordano taught the art of memory, the Venetian Inquisition presses charges scholar and concludes him in jail. After a few painful years that Giordano spent in prison church, the Church of Rome makes the final accusation "heretic" Bruno, excommunicate him from the church and handed over to the secular authorities with the sentence "to punish without the shedding of blood," which means the execution at the stake. In 1600, Giordano Bruno, is not giving up his views, was burned alive in the Roman Square Flowers.