The path of real scientists is not only a continuous study, but also the need to defend their theories in front of critics.
From the promotion of the hypothesis to its recognition by the scientific community lies a thorny path, sometimes ending tragically.
The scientific heritage of the infamousThe medieval scientist Giordano Bruno is covered in mystery. It is known that he worked in many fields of science, philosophy and religion, wrote several treatises, where he questioned the canonized Christian truths. Throughout his life, Bruno tried to prove his undeniable truth, for which he was not understood, he was persecuted, he had to wander, and spent the last years before his execution in prison. Why did the Catholic Church punish her monk so?
The first steps in science
For several years, Bruno spent at the French court, teaching King Henry III his theories.
Filippo Bruno at the age of 11 was given by his father inNeapolitan school for the study of classical at that time disciplines: literature, dialectics, logic. Continuing the traditional way for his time, in 1565 the young man becomes a novice in the monastery of St. Dominic and receives the name Giordano. Within the walls of the monastery he goes deep into the study of science, discovers mathematics and philosophy, reflects on the theories of the structure of the universe and the place of God and man in it. Already in his youth he criticized the most important Catholic dogmas, such as the chastity of Mary and the voluntary acceptance by Jesus of execution. The behavior of the monk was extremely bold and risky, so Bruno, learning that the management of the monastery began to investigate his views and activities, fled from his native walls.
Philosophy of Giordano Bruno
The works of Giordano Bruno are included in the Index of Prohibited Books compiled by the Catholic Church.
Wandering around Europe in search of refuge, BrunoContinued his scientific activity. Based on the heliocentric system of Nicholas Copernicus and continuing the philosophy of Neoplatonism, Giordano Bruno comes to the conclusion about the infinity of the universe, consisting of distant galaxies, in the center of each of which is "its own Sun". He considered the basis of the universe to be a "world soul", one for all worlds. Thus, Bruno refutes the Christian division of the material (terrestrial) and divine (heavenly) worlds, affirming God not only as the creator of nature, but also nature itself. A single divine soul, he believed, lives in every person and every phenomenon of nature, which in fact equates man with God.
Execution of the sentence
Free views that have spread throughout the eraRenaissance, were unacceptable in the Middle Ages. In 1591, according to the denunciation of Giovanni Mochegino, whom Giordano taught the art of memory, the Venetian Inquisition charges the scientist and imprisons him. After several painful years that Giordano spent in church prisons, the Roman church pronounces the final accusation of the "heretic" Bruno, excommunicates him from the church and hands him to the secular authorities with the verdict "punish without shedding blood," which means execution at the stake. In 1600, Giordano Bruno, without giving up his views, was burned alive in the Roman Plaza of Flowers.