Most women begin to experience symptomsMenopause in the interval between 45 and 55 years, but in some cases, menopause can occur at the age of 30 years, and after 60. The climacteric period depends on the individual characteristics of the body and the patient's health.
The time of the appearance of menopause in most casesIs predetermined genetically. Women whose menopause is associated with natural processes in the body usually face a phenomenon after 40 years. The very process of extinction of reproductive function can last several years.
The first symptom of menopauseIs a violation of the menstrual cycle. There may be mood jumps, decreased sexual desire, sweating, heart palpitations, headaches, vaginal dryness, pain during intercourse and sleep disturbances. Some of the manifestations can last several years and significantly worsen the patient's quality of life.
Perimenopause is the primary stageMenopause, which usually begins in 40-45 years. In this period, women may experience some symptoms, for example, a violation of the regularity of monthly or frequent hot flashes. After the last menstruation, menopause begins, which lasts about a year and is characterized by sleep disorders, vaginal dryness and other manifestations. A year later, there is a postmenopause, which lasts until the end of a woman's life.
End of menopause can be determined if yWomen had no menstruation for 12 months. It is also possible to conduct tests for the maintenance of follicle-stimulating hormone in the blood, the amount of which is increased as a result of impaired ovarian function. The fall of estrogen may indicate the appearance of symptoms of the climacteric period.
A number of medical procedures and relatedPathological conditions can cause earlier onset of menopause. For example, ovarian excision (oophorectomy) leads to an immediate climax. In this case, there is no perimenopause and after the operation the woman will immediately experience the classic symptoms of the climacteric period.
Radiation and chemical therapy in the treatment of cancerDiseases are also a frequent cause of premature impairment of fertility. In this case, the signs of menopause may appear both during the therapy and several months after its completion. About 1% of all women can enter the period of extinction of ovarian function long before the onset of 40 years. Experts still do not know the factors that cause early menopause in patients, but it is noted that genetics and the presence of any autoimmune processes play an important role.