Verbal participle phrases - this is a special syntax.
It must be able to find, because it depends on a correct definition of the syntactic role of words, and thus the production of punctuation.
Before we look at the text of verbal participle revolutions, Learn to find gerunds. Different sources give different definition of this category of words. Someone sees it as a particular form of the verb, and someone - as an independent part of speech. The first interpretation is characterized more for the scientific language works, and the second considered the school. In school, children learn traditional gerunds as a special part of rechi.Deeprichastie matters incremental steps with the main action. Semantics gerunds involves a combination of signs of action and mode of action. For example, "reading." By this way, you can ask the question, "What doing?", Which, however, is not quite correct from the linguistic point of view, but you can ask the question "How?". These questions illustrate the dual nature of gerunds. Gerund may be perfect or imperfect. First talk about the acts committed at the moment or how that should be accomplished in the future. The second - about the actions that have taken place in the past (compare: "looking" and "look").
Now continue the search for verbal participle phrases. Verbal participle phrases called gerunds with dependent words. The fundamental error in finding usually make it to find the dependent words - words taken, relating to another member of the offer for the verbal participle phrases. In order not to make mistakes, and watch carefully, from any word asks. For example disassemble offer: Girl running down the cobblestone street, happily singing a song. Find a gerund. In this case, the word "singing". Now you need to find the dependent words. Ask questions: "Singing ... what? Song. " "Singing ... how? Joy. " So, the word "song" and "joy" will be dependent on the adverbial participle, which means that all together they form a participial turnover. Verbal participle phrases in a sentence is a separate circumstance and always stands by commas both sides.