According to the current legislation, enterprises with harmful working conditions are obliged to provide their employees with certain benefits and guarantees.
What are the conditions considered harmful and where can I find a list of professions in which these conditions are listed?
Where to look for the list of harmful conditions
To define a profession related to harmfulCategories, should study the RF Government Decree No. 870 "On the establishment of shorter working hours, an annual additional paid vacation, increased pay for workers engaged in heavy work, work with harmful / dangerous and other special working conditions".
To find the list of "harmful" posts it is possible and in collective agreements or branch agreements of some enterprises.
This Resolution obliges the MinistryHealth and social development to approve the list of posts, occupations and industries that give the employee the right to free preventive nutrition, vitamin preparations, additional paid leave and other appropriate measures put to employees of harmful occupations.
Harmful conditions in employment contracts
In the presence of harmful or dangerous working conditions,The employer is obliged to indicate in the employment contract information on the labor function, working hours, compensation and terms of payment, surcharges, allowances and incentive payments. Also, employees of harmful industries are legally not allowed to work more than 36 hours a week. Additional annual leave at the enterprise's expense, according to the terms of the employment contract, is given to people working in the radioactive contamination zone or in quarries / open-pit mines.
Also, the right to paid leave is available to employees of enterprises whose work is associated with harmful physical, chemical or biological factors.
The resolution states that the minimumThe duration of paid leave is a calendar week. Usually it is given to employees who have worked in a working year in harmful conditions for at least eleven months. If the working period is shorter, the period of leave is given according to the worked hours. At the same time, payment of cash compensation instead of using additional leave is not practiced - such payments are possible only with the dismissal of the employee.
The only nuance in getting paidLeave is the requirement to have a working experience in harmful working conditions - and, in the experience include only the time actually worked in these conditions.