Many owners of private houses would like to expand the useful area of the house by arranging an additional attic or a small covered veranda.
Unfortunately, few of them know how to properly make an extension to the house, so that it is strong, reliable and durable.
You will need
- Brick, sand, cement, crushed stone or bricks, reinforcement
Determine the size of the future extension and carefully calculate the amount of material? Brick, sand, cement, rubble or battlefield, armature.
Designate the future foundation pit with a twine or at least a fishing line, carefully check the right angles and equipotence? For this, measure the diagonals (should be the same).
To have at least a superficial idea of how to properly make an extension to the house, read a couple of books or brief guides for construction work? Undoubtedly, will be very useful.
Dig the foundation pit for the foundation, the width of the excavation should be 15-20 cm more than the planned thickness of the wall. Depth? Not less than 60 cm.
At the bottom of the finished pit, spread a five-centimeter layer of sand as a pillow.
Fill the foundation with a tape method with the mandatory use of reinforcement. It is possible to reinforce the new reinforcement with a perforator into the already existing foundation of the house.
Top of the foundation? Dry cement, wait for it to freeze completely.
At the top of the finished basement lay the base ofRed brick in the thickness of a half or two bricks, the height of at least three bricks. Do not forget to put a layer of waterproofing on the foundation, a common roofing material or roofing felt.
Laying out walls from a brick, strengthen each fifth row with the armature, hammered in the holes in the existing wall? This will not allow the new extension to move away from the wall with a slight shrinkage of the foundation.
Verticality of walls and horizontality of rows should be checked by building hydraulic level.
Rafters on the roof made of wood, made of bars section of not less than 40x40 mm. The roof can be arranged on your own? Gable or one-run.
Floors are laid on wooden logs, laid on the base (do not forget about the waterproofing).
Internal finishing work is carried out according to an individual design project.