On the common cold sometimes people do not payattention: that time to go to the doctors, treat, itself somehow pass! Or try to treat it with home remedies like hot tea with lemon or raspberry jam.
As a result of the inflammatory process often descends from the upper to the lower respiratory tract, capturing an area of the bronchi.
So there is bronchitis. And then, especially if the person's immunity is weakened considerably, bronchitis can turn into pneumonia - pneumonia.
How can you distinguish bronchitis from pneumonia?
Typical symptoms of bronchitis
The main symptom of acute bronchitis - is a strongcough, often accompanied by phlegm. Often the temperature rises, but in most cases only slightly - to 37,5-38,0oS. When dry cough occur wheezing. Bronchitis cough in most cases not accompanied by chest pain.
Bronchitis can cause weakness, fatigue, but,usually a minor extent. Also, the patient may complain of headache, watery eyes, sore throat. Other symptoms of this disease may be chest tightness, difficult breathing, asthma attacks. In acute bronchitis, the person may appear runny nose, chills, fever, burning sensation in the chest.
The main symptoms of pneumonia
With temperatures often pneumoniareaches 39-40oS. A sick person is experiencing a strong fever, cough accompanied by chest pain in the lesion. In sputum, departing when coughing, can be blood. Cough usually weaker than in bronchitis, and dry and wet. An experienced doctor on this basis will be able to distinguish pneumonia from bronchitis after listening to a stethoscope patient.
Due to the violation of gas exchange due to inflammationlung tissue in humans, ill with pneumonia, often short of breath. And because of the strong poisoning organism cellular debris, a headache, weakness, lethargy, increased heart rate going. It may appear insomnia, sweating, fever. When pneumonia cough is often accompanied by a thick reddish or greenish phlegm.
If the doctor after a general inspection and listeningPatient doubts remain, bronchitis or pneumonia, it is necessary to appoint an additional examination. Until now widely used chest X-ray. For greater reliability picture is in two projections - and right side.
In recent years, many doctors began to usepre-diagnosis result of the blood test of C-reactive protein. This analysis shows how far gone the inflammatory process in the body. If the concentration of C-reactive protein levels approaching 100 mg / liter, the patient may be pneumonia. Then, for the final diagnosis, he was sent on a roentgen. If the concentration is much lower probability of pneumonia is very low.