Salmonellosis is a very serious infectiousA disease that affects the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines. Without adequate and timely treatment, the disease can be very difficult to develop and cause complications such as hepatitis, meningitis, acute renal failure. One of the indispensable conditions for recovery is a strict diet, which must be observed not only during the acute stage of the disease, but not less than a month after it.
The cause of salmonellosis are pathogenic bacteria of Salmonella, which enter the body with animal food, and after bathing in a polluted pond.
The family of the patient should also observe the additional rules of hygiene, since infection is possible through personal belongings, dishes and bed linen of the sick.
After infection, the bacteria are fixed and begin toMultiply in the small intestine, while releasing toxic substances that destroy the natural microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. The disease is characterized by a strong fever, sharp cramping pains in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, a liquid bloody stool and a headache. Especially dangerous is the disease for the elderly, children and pregnant women.
With competent timely treatment, unpleasantSymptoms should pass within a week. Quick recovery of health and severe alleviation of symptoms is greatly facilitated by a properly selected diet.
One of the most common symptoms andConsequences of the disease of salmonellosis is a strong dehydration of the body, so in severe cases, prescribed droppers with saline. With an easier course of the disease, it is enough to drink about 2 to 3 liters of water a day in small sips at regular intervals.
Water can be replaced with special rehydrating solutions and decoctions of medicinal herbs, but only after consultation with the attending physician.
In the first, second, and sometimes the third day after the onset of symptoms of salmonellosis from any food, it is desirable to completely abandon it.
Recommended foods and dishes
A few days after the start of the acute periodDiseases can begin to gradually take food in small portions. Useful are all sour-milk products, since they contribute to the restoration of normal microflora intestines and inhibit the activity of pathogenic bacteria.
It is recommended to eat some types of berries, vegetables and fruits, especially those that contain the desired fiber of pectin. This substance binds and removes toxins, cleansing the walls of the stomach and intestines.
Since solid food and large chunks of food are contraindicated during the period of illness, it is better to eat products in the form of puree.
Puree from fresh apples, carrots, bananas are most recommended in the diet for salmonella. You can also eat mashed potatoes on the water and porridges: rice, buckwheat, semolina.
Bread is allowed only white dried. Low-fat meat and fish are introduced into the diet gradually, in small portions. It is advisable to start with steam cutlets and light casseroles.
All products for a diet with salmonella must be steamed, baked or boiled, fried foods are strictly prohibited, as well as all spicy, salty, smoked.
Presence of semi-finished and fast food is not allowed in food. It is also desirable to abstain from spices.
Exclude from the diet all products with simpleCarbohydrates, since sugar stimulates the process of fermentation in the intestine. Limit the consumption of beets, cabbage, citrus, legumes and other coarse fiber.