Memory and thinking are the most importantCognitive mental processes, without which a full-fledged formation of personality is inconceivable. Attempts to develop these functions from time to time, incidentally, can not lead to a good result.
The development of thinking abilities and the ability to remember information should be carried out systematically.
Memory Is a set of processes forCapturing, preserving and reproducing information. To make memory more effective, it is necessary to know and apply the laws of its development in teaching.
A reliable memorization is achieved whenUse of the emotional component. We tend to remember for a long time those events and phenomena of life that affected our feelings, left an emotional response. Therefore, you should try to use images that carry an emotional color when you memorize the material.
It is better to remember the material given in the form of bright images, comparisons, associative series.
Tie the memorized material to the goals of activity. Mechanical memorization should be replaced by actions with drawing, recording, manipulating objects.
Improves the process of remembering the education of conscious control. The participation of consciousness fosters the ability to arbitrarily manipulate images, making memory independent of random factors.
The order of presentation of material for memorizationMust be diverse. This is achieved, for example, by alternating memorized objects. So, after the literature exact sciences follow, then the Russian language, etc. This principle should be used by students when doing homework.
Memory And various types of mental activity closelyAre interconnected. Thinking refers to mental processes that ensure the establishment of significant links between objects and phenomena of reality. Thinking is closely related to the speech function.
Despite the presence of individual characteristicsThinking, there are common techniques for the development of this cognitive function. These techniques require systematic performance of various tasks and exercises, a kind of "mental gymnastics".
Thus, children can be recommended forThe definition of concepts, the establishment of similarities and differences between concepts (for example, "difficult" hard worker?). It is useful to practice in writing short stories or stories on proverbs and sayings. Compiling and solving crosswords and puzzles also contributes to the development of mental activity.
Remember that by developing the abilities of memory and thinking, we simultaneously improve all other cognitive processes, as well as speech and creative abilities.