Probably, every person in his life, at leastOnce he was in a bad mood, he felt a feeling of apathy and unwillingness, something to do. This is a normal reaction of the body to the impact of negative factors. Usually everything passes very quickly and a bright period in life sets in. But it happens, this state lasts for weeks and months, and sometimes - for years. Such a condition is called depressive, and it is necessary to fight it.
Everyone at least once in my life experiencedDepressed mood, but as a rule, it quickly passed. But there are cases when this state does not go from day to day and very much worries a person. This can serve as a signal of depression. Depressive state is expressed by episodes of sad mood or apathy along with other symptoms that last more than two weeks and are so strong that they are able to interrupt the ordinary life of a person. Depressive state is not a sign of weakness or negative side of personality. It is a disease that has become very popular these days.
Symptoms of a depressive state
Symptoms can be divided into physical and psychological.
Psychological symptoms of depression
- Loss of interest in life
- Depressed mood
- Low self-esteem
- Thoughts of death and suicide
- Unwillingness to do anything
Physical symptoms of a depressed condition
- Frequent headaches
- Pain of an incomprehensible nature
- Lack of appetite
- Problems with digestion
Who can suffer from a depressed state
Everyone can experience bad thingsMood, but not all suffer from depression. Many experts believe that genetics in this matter plays a major role. The presence of one or more close relatives with a depressive condition increases the risk of developing the disorder. Women are more susceptible to depression.
How to identify a depressed state
While there are no exact laboratory tests determiningDepressive state. The main criteria for determining the diagnosis are the symptoms of the patient. He is asked about the medical history and medications that he is taking, as they can contribute to the symptoms of a depressed state. Discussion of the psychological state, behavior and daily life can help to reveal the severity and type of depression. This is currently the best way to choose the most effective method of treatment.
Methods for getting rid of a depressive state
Studies show that different types of therapy can help in getting rid of a depressed state.
Several popular treatments for depression are treated.
1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This type of treatment is aimed at changing the thoughts and behaviors that contribute to the development of a depressed state.
2. Interpersonal therapy
It can help to determine whether a person has interpersonal conflicts that influence the development of a depressed state and get rid of them.
3. Psychodynamic psychotherapy
This area of psychotherapy helps people understand how their unsettled psychological problems and unconscious feelings influence their mood and behavioral mood.
There are cases when drugs can not be dispensed with without medication. In this case, the doctor prescribes antidepressants. The intake and dosage, as well as the time of treatment, are determined by the attending physician.
5. Physical activity
Studies show that physicalActivity is a powerful weapon against the depressive state. Sports exercises release endorphins, which can help to increase the psychological mood. Regular exercise will help raise self-esteem, improve sleep, reduce stress and increase energy reserves. Any kind of moderate activity, like exercising in the gym or an evening walk, will help in the fight against the depressed state. The main thing is to find something to do.
6. Home pet
Playful puppy or funny parrot can notReplace psychotherapy or drug treatment. But studies show that pets can alleviate the symptoms of depression in many people. They will give a lot of love, get rid of loneliness, and make you move, because you need to take care of pets. Studies have shown that pet owners have less trouble sleeping and are mentally healthier.
7. Psychological support
Loneliness is a true companion of the depressedCondition, and support of close and understanding people, will be one of the best types of therapy. This can be group therapy, online search - support for people in a similar situation, or frequent meetings with family and friends. Even joining a book club or attending classes at the gym can help in the treatment of depression and getting rid of loneliness.