The names of some states used in everyday life differ from their official names.
In most cases this is due to the fact that the official name is an abbreviation.
One of these states is the PRC.
Most often this country is called China. The official name, hiding under the abbreviation of the PRC, is interpreted as follows: the Chinese People's Republic.
The People's Republic of
To date, China is a stateSocialist, and its name is built on the same principle that many other countries adhered to, taking the path of building socialism. Along with the name of the country as such, two elements were used. The word "republic" pointed to the form of government, and the epithet "people's" - to the socialist system, because it was assumed that power in such a country belongs to the people.
So there appeared the names People's RepublicBulgaria (NRB), the Polish People's Republic (Poland), the Hungarian People's Republic, etc. Having renounced the socialist system, these countries excluded the word "people's" from their names, and are now called the Republic of Bulgaria, the Republic of Poland, Hungary. China, on the other hand, has not refused or refused to give up socialism, that is why it is now called the People's Republic of China, the PRC.
origin of name
With the origin of the abbreviation, everything is clear, but there remains the question of why the Republic of China.
The Chinese themselves call their country Zhongguo -"Middle country". China is the European name of China acquired by the Russian language, which appeared in the Middle Ages with the light hand of Marco Polo. Originally it had a slightly different form - Katay. This word goes back to the name of the Khitan tribe.
The paradox is that the tribe isChinese was not. It was a protomongol tribe that came from Manchuria and captured northern China. The mutated name of the tribe was assigned to this territory, and then to China as a whole.
In the first half of the twentieth century, there were two other state entities, which had the Chinese abbreviation as their name.
One of them is the Crimean People's Republic. It was proclaimed on 26 November 1917 by the Kurultai of the Crimean Tatars, held in Bakhchisaray. In January of the next year, Soviet power was established in the Crimea, and the republic ceased to exist.
Somewhat later - in 1918-1920. - there was the Kuban People's Republic, which is also shrinking as the PRC. It was located in the territory where the part of the Krasnodar Territory, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Stavropol Territory, Rostov Region and Adygea is now located.
However, these two state formations can only be spoken today in a historical context, while the People's Republic of China still exists today.