Microsoft Windows - the most common in the world of the operating system, the first in which a graphical management interface was used.
According to statistics for 2013, Windows is used on 90% of the existing personal computers.
A personal computer in every home
Originally designed as a Windowsgraphics add-in to the MS-DOS operating system. The first personal computers from IBM operating system MS-DOS, developed by Microsoft. This system has been quite effective computer management tool, but difficult to master, requiring specific knowledge, and therefore in need of simplification.
When IBM has ordered Microsoft softwaresoftware for the first personal computer, Gates went to the trick - buy a ready-made system QDOS for $ 50 thousand, renamed it MS-DOS, and sold it to IBM.
It is well understood in the Microsoft company,which set itself a global task - to provide anyone wanting a convenient user's personal computer. Therefore, in the period from 1981 to 1983. the company is actively working on the creation of the first version of the operating system of the innovation in those days, code-named Interface Manager.
Officially, the emergence of a new platform, whichthe final version was called windows (windows), it was announced in 1983. Many skeptics did not appreciate the convenience and far-reaching prospects of the new OSes, and called it "exaggerated software product." As is known, the further history of the development of the product showed that the criticism was entirely in vain. These statements did not seriously impact on Microsoft's plans, which is already two years after the official presentation of Windows general public has launched a new software product called Windows 1.0.
The new operating system to prevent usersfrom the mandatory attribute MS-DOS - command input through which control is exercised. Windows 1.0 was controlled by simply moving the mouse and clicks in the right parts of the screen. In addition, the Operating System from Microsoft contained a lot of innovation in that period of time functions. scroll bars, drop-down menus, icons, dialog boxes, you can switch between programs without having to restart each of them, all of these convenient features for the average user it has been equipped with a new platform. The structure of Windows 1.0 and several additional programs were included to help the user in the daily affairs. The appearance of the system with user friendly graphical interface management has become a real breakthrough in the development of software for personal computers.
Windows 98 was the latest version of the system based on MS? DOS.
Windows 1.0 is a graphical add-in to the MS-DOS operating system, but that it has become a platform on which subsequently a standalone system, received exactly the same name was developed.