Rising prices for Heat transfer becomes the bestincentives to the owners of private houses, at the stage of its design, thought through not only the scheme of utilities, but also how to ensure the insulation of its main components - the equipment and pipelines.
Properly made heat insulation saves up to 95-97% of the heat that would be needlessly expended on heating the streets and outbuildings.
What is the thermal insulation of pipelines and equipment
As a rule, equipment providing jobengineering systems that meet in a private home for comfort and warmth:. heating boilers, air handling units, boilers, heaters and so on, are not installed in the rooms and in designated areas inside residential buildings or hozblok located separately. Therefore, the coolant heating system, hot water or hot air ventilation system on the way to the consumer - living quarters are moved along the outer pipes, which are laid under the ground or on the surface and in the commercial environment. It turns out that some of the useful and valuable heat is wasted, and heat losses can be up to 100%.
To save energy and resources necessary toreduce heat losses, and ensuring insulation of equipment and pipes. It is costly and troublesome thing, but the economic effect of it is significant - modern insulation materials and technologies will allow to minimize the amount of loss, especially if the work to take into account at the design stage of a residential home life-support systems. Competent approach to this question will not only retain heat, but also to protect steam pipes, ducts and conduits of air conditioning systems, cold water, refrigeration equipment from freezing in the winter, as well as the formation of condensation, which can cause corrosion of metal pipes. In any case, thermal insulation can extend the operating life of utilities and reduce their maintenance and repair costs.
Requirements for thermal insulation materials
The main requirements that consumersimpose on the materials used for heat insulation, is an acceptable cost, reliability, efficiency, ease of installation and long service life. These requirements can provide a set of characteristics required of these materials. So, they must have a water-repellent properties to ensure integrity and eliminating corrosive processes between the surface of the pipe and insulation material. In addition, the thermal insulation should be safe in the fire relation, have a low thermal conductivity and high heat-saving quality, be resistant to external chemical and biological influences. These characteristics have many insulation materials, which are produced in the form of shells and cylinders of different diameters, Technical mats, rolls and special tires.
The materials used for thermal insulation of pipelines and equipment
Among the most popular materials includefoamed polyethylene, which for thermal insulation of pipelines in the form of tubes manufactured with one or two longitudinal slits. The inner diameter of the tube is different, so it can be used for pipes of several standard sizes. The foam polyethylene is environmentally friendly and safe materials with high resistance to temperature changes, mechanical damage, biological and chemical attack. It is used in heating systems and insulation for refrigeration and air conditioning systems.
By purchasing insulation materials, and do not forget to buy special accessories that allow them to reliably fix the pipes: adhesive tapes, clips, adhesive tape.</ Blockquote>
For the insulation of pipes and equipment asusing foamed rubber, which is produced not only in the form of tubes, but also in the form of plates. The advantage of this material is increased fire safety, it has the ability to self-extinguishing.
Technical mats of mineral wool - inexpensiveinsulating material, commonly used for pipes and equipment air conditioning systems, heating and water supply. Their application is particularly advantageous for large diameter pipes. Tehmaty, which are commercially available, are all season, foil and batting, they have a long service life. Basalt mineral wool used for the manufacture of heat-insulating cylinder, which can be uncoated or coated foil having a galvanized surface.
Foil insulation materialsallow to eliminate heat loss and to minimize them by being created reflecting effect. They also have steam, water and heat-insulating properties.</ Blockquote>
By innovations that have emerged in the construction marketrecently, include foil insulating, folgoholst and aerogels and liquid insulation materials. Gel and liquid mixture can be used for any of the equipment and pipes of any diameter, they guarantee the absence of condensation and corrosion processes, providing a protective coating, even in the most remote places.