Appendicitis is a disease that can quickly progress to the death of a person.
Without timely treatment, complicated forms of the disease develop, which is associated with the peculiarities of the inflammatory processes in the organs.
Acute appendicitis with peritonitis
Inflammation extends to the peritoneum andOccurs 3-4 days after perforation of the appendix. Painful sensations in this case begin to spread over the stomach. Patients are noted bloating, severe pain, stool and gas retention. At the same time the skin becomes gray-green, there is some anxiety in the patient. At the same time, the body temperature can exceed 39 ° C, and the pulse can reach a value of more than 120 beats per minute. Against the background of the disease, the patient's pressure gradually falls due to peritonitis. The accumulation of fluid and gases in the intestine begins.
The appearance of infiltration
Further consequences are educationAppendicular infiltration, which arises from the inflammatory process and the subsequent adhesion of organs to each other. After 2-3 days the tumor becomes more and more dense and soldered to it, an omentum, loops of the intestine and all closely located organs. During the complication, the patient feels satisfactory, and the temperature holds in the region of 37.5-37.8 ° C. At palpation the doctor can define a dense infiltrate, which gradually can pass into an abscess.
In patients, the temperature rises, leukocytosis develops and general intoxication is observed.
Abscess, pilephlebitis, intestinal fistulas
With this complication, there is a secretion of pus,Which is accompanied by mild pain in the abdomen, a rise in temperature and unpleasant sensations in the intestines. In this case the patient has frequent desires for defecation, diarrhea with mucus, swelling of the mucosa of the anus. Urination is also rapid, with a delay often observed. Treat complications better as soon as possible, otherwise it will cause more severe consequences.
Pylephlebitis is the next stage in acuteAppendicitis, after which purulent hepatitis begins. The pain in the right hypochondrium is unstable, there is an increase in temperature (up to 40 ° C), chills. With palpation, you can identify a painful liver. Jaundice begins to appear, high leukocytosis is observed. In this case, the patient is in very serious condition.
Treatment of complications is selected individually according to the patient's condition.
Another serious complication is the emergence ofIntestinal fistulas that appear due to destruction of intestinal loops or damage to organs during surgery. There are also symptoms of intestinal obstruction. 10% of cases of fistula formation are lethal.