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How to combine layers in Photoshop

How to combine layers in Photoshop

Merge layers in the program Adobe Photoshop? necessary, sometimes saving technical operation that allows you to get rid of excess and confusion? Garbage? in those moments when the bulk composition threatens to grow like a snowball.



The division into a plurality of information layers,components of the composition, is, on the one hand, a very convenient tool in the work? each separate layer and can be processed independently of the others to change, on the other hand, it sometimes hinders separation to produce precisely the same for all layers of filter operation or simultaneous use.
Therefore, in order not to deprive themselves of freedom, it is necessaryalways give the report, if you really want to merge the layers together, or rather their only virtually? concatenate? for the possibility of a single transformation, or even simply to group and sort them? daddy ?, so as not to get lost in the wilds of the composition.
If you need to make simultaneousmovement, reduction, reversal, or a reflection of a different kind of geometric transformation of several layers? for example, each of them is one part of the large object, and the object must move entirely or decrease? this can be done without sacrificing their individual content.
Scroll to the number of layers requiredyou, by clicking on the lines with the names of the layers, and holding down the Ctrl key or the Shift, in accordance with the standard rules of selecting items taken in the OS interface. When the list will be highlighted in several layers at the bottom of the list, click on the icon with the chain links. (This can also be done through the menu Layer & gt-Link Layers) Now layers of steel are related to the overall transformation: shifting one, you move and everything associated with it, when you scale one? stretch and rest, etc. You can draw attention to the fact that now, when you select a single layer, at the end of lines with layers, connected with it, will be displayed badges chain. Accordingly, it is possible to break the link layer by pressing on the icon at the bottom of the layer list. If this is not highlighted in all the layers, then from the list of connected exclude only selected, the rest of the connection between a preserve.


You can combine the layers otherwise, put them ina single group. Group layers in Adobe Photoshop? a type of nested folder structure adopted in computer systems. The layers can be combined into a folder, folders, in turn, is embedded in the other, etc. Plus, in this association a few:
First, it creates the order in the list of layers? unnecessary folders, groups of content can be visually shlopnut, so they do not interfere with the review, it is, of course, have a positive impact on the convenience and speed of finding the necessary items in the list.
Secondly, a group of layers has the general parametersmode overlay and transparency. Thus, for example, there is no need to make each layer of translucent, exposing the relevant parameter each time the same for these layers? one can collect them into a single group and set the total figure.
Thirdly, move and transform objects,united in a group is as simple as? linked? through the Link Layers, but a new way of communication is more flexible and convenient. If you select a group in the list header layers, produced by the transformation will affect all layers within it. But if there is necessary, for example, to move individually a separate layer, you can do just purposefully chose it from the list without any additional procedures? I remind you that in zalinkovannyh layers would be needed again? disengage? it from the list, and then re-added to the list.
Fourthly, the group has a total masktransparency, so by combining the layers in a folder, there is no need to control the outline of each layer? too much can be? trimmed? total mask.
Create a group folder is not difficult: To do this, click the icon at the bottom of the Layers panel, or go to the menu Layer & gt-Group Layers. Include layers to the group by dragging them in the list on the group header to extract? respectively, carrying beyond it.


The latest version of the program Adobe Photoshopthere is another association mode? the creation of several layers of the so-called Smart Object? a. It is in fact included in one another independent document that is opened in a separate window and can be edited and saved, then the results of these operations are displayed in the main document. Great advantage of this layer combining method is that a Smart Object? Y can be connected Filter Gallery property that is used, thus a single filter to multiple layers at once, and the contents of these layers remains intact, thus can be modified as the parameters themselves filters, achieving the best result, and, if necessary, to make changes in the layers themselves, their relative positions, switching mode, etc. to the composition


If the previous methods of combining the layers you do notsuitable, for example, for purely economic reasons? no editing layers is not exactly understood all complex filters already applied and configured, the relative position of the layers has not changed is, therefore, no reason to have a battery of individual layers, consuming resources programs and disk space? they can simply merge, make of them one simple bed.

To do this, select from the list of layers neededus, and we find in the context menu item Merge Layers (Merge Layers), you can also do this via the command Layer & gt-Merge Layers main menu or by pressing the keyboard Ctrl + E.
To facilitate this operation, you can select andlocated next door to the menu operation Merge Visible (Merge visible), then select anything in the list of layers is not required? in a single layer merge all that is currently displayed in the preview window.
Also layers can be combined together beforecollected in one group? in the context menu you need to select Merge Group. Of course, then the group will cease to exist, and a new layer will appear instead.


Finally, the most radical method can be applied? choose Flatten Image from the menu. Then all of the layers of information will be permanently lost: all that was in the composition is replaced by a base layer, which, moreover, is the background? those. circumcised and disappear everything that went beyond the canvas. By this step in practice resort it is very rare, because no one is immune from mistakes, and re-do work on the reconstruction and separation of the layers? It is extremely ungrateful, besides, sometimes technically impossible. Sometimes, inexperienced users find that the implementation Flatten Image is necessary to have the whole final image, which can be sent to friends or customers to post on the Internet, etc. This is not true. The file with the song just want to save in two different formats. One ? complete document with further editing and correction in? native? Adobe Photoshop program format (menu File & gt-Save or File & gt-Save As) The other file is just for Internet use, for example, in the popular JPEG format, you can save an additional (eg, through the menu File & gt-Save for Web, which has all the necessary installation for optimum image saving it for transmission over the communication channels), no need to produce at the same time no specific merger? all remain at a picture automatically. So you will always be immune from the need to do more repetitive work and bitterly regret the lost information, opportunities and time.

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