Two types of pollen are known: entomophilous and anemophilic.
The second species is carried by the wind and can cause various allergic diseases.
Such pollen with low biological value is given, as a rule, by coniferous trees. It is extremely difficult to assemble it.
From a consumer point of view, pollen is more interesting, which bees are collected from flowering plants and brought to a beehive.
You will need
- Pollen collector
How can a person get that Pollen, Which from early spring is brought to the beehiveHard-working bees? A few dozen years ago, experts were little interested in pollen. Beekeepers had no idea of its catchers - specially designed traps designed to take away some of their precious prey from bees.
Devices for the collection of pollen were known in America in the early 30-ies of the 20 th century. Since then, the devices for collecting pollen have become more sophisticated.
Collect Pollen There are three ways: - Place the pollen catcher under the brood nest (the catcher temporarily replaces the bottom of the hive).
- Place the trap above the brood nest (on the roof).
- The trap is put to the hole of the hive's hive.
In each of these three methods, you can intercept pollen pollen in two ways: - using sieves with holes-
- using a tin or plastic plate with holes, vertically placed on a frequent screen (the preferred option).
Most models are catchersPollen, which are placed under the hive. The first devices were made entirely of aluminum or duralumin, including a drawer. Subsequently, the metal box was abandoned because it was waterproof and retained droplets of dew and other traces of dampness. Wooden is more preferable, because the tree absorbs moisture well and eliminates pollen losses.
However, and from a wooden box Pollen Should be collected daily and immediately subjected to drying - this will allow the pollen to be stored for a long time, remaining in good condition.
Gradually the producers of pollen collectors cameTo the fact that the entire device must be made of wood. Metal is used only in the manufacture of gratings and sieves. And recently there were catchers without metal parts, only wood and plastic are used in their design. The bottom of the drawer is made of wire mesh to provide air access.
The technology of collecting pollen is simple. It is enough to raise the hive's body and rearrange it from the bottom to the catcher, which is completely matching the size of the bottom.