In the south of Russia, in the mountains of the North Caucasus,On the banks of the Terek River, there is a land with centuries-old history and culture, an edge where there are customs and traditions, an area where the strong-minded men and modest women are valued is the Chechen Republic. It's hard to believe that just recently there was a war here.
Now the republic, under the leadership of President Ramzan Kadyrov, is rapidly recovering, developing and flourishing.
The capital of the Chechen Republic - city Grozniy.
Grozny, Almost completely destroyed during the war,Almost rose from the ashes like a phoenix. Now this city is considered the pearl of the North Caucasus - clean, beautiful, modern. Old streets and houses are restored, which gives the city a special comfort. Many new buildings have been built - skyscrapers, business centers, office buildings, residential buildings. Construction does not cease for a single day. Many new schools and colleges have been opened. The roads in Grozny are of excellent quality. By its purity and grooming, Grozny is more like a European city. There are many cafes, bars and restaurants here - for every taste and prosperity. Everywhere you will be perfectly served and very deliciously fed.
The main attraction of the city is Mosque "Heart of Chechnya" The name of Akhmad Kadyrov. It is considered to be one of the largest in Europe and in the world. The opening of the mosque took place in 2008.
There is a mosque in the center of the city, on the beachThe Sunzha River, and around it is a picturesque park (an area of 14 hectares) with fountains, avenues and places for recreation. The "Heart of Chechnya" mosque is part of the Islamic complex, where, in addition to it, there is also the Spiritual Office of Muslims of the Chechen Republic and the Russian Islamic University. The mosque was built in the classical Ottoman style. Has a three-level backlight. The central hall of the mosque is crowned by a huge dome with a height of more than 30 meters and a diameter of 16 meters. Around the main building there are 4 minarets. The height of each is 63 meters. Both inside and outside the mosque is decorated with marble. The mosque has a capacity of more than 10 thousand people. Just as many people can pray in the summer gallery and in the square that adjoin the mosque. The art and refinement of the interior decoration of the mosque can not be expressed in words - the best masters from Turkey tried. The beauty and majesty of the mosque precisely explains its name - "The Heart of Chechnya".
Immediately behind the mosque is Grozny City - a complex of seven high-rise buildings. Here are housed apartment buildings, a hotel, a business center, restaurants.
In 2010, the city opened a memorial complex«Alley of Glory» - It is dedicated to all warriors - heroes. The opening was timed to coincide with the 65th anniversary of the victory in the Great Patriotic War. On the territory of the complex there is Museum of A. Kadyrov - the first President of the Republic, a monument dedicated to Movlidu Visaitov - Hero of the USSR, a monument to the hero of Chechnya - Matashu Mazaev. There is also a tank since the Great Patriotic War, proudly rising on a pedestal. Also on the territory of "Alley of Glory" you can see more than 40 bas-reliefs, created by famous sculptors.
In Grozny, there are many parks and squares in which both residents and guests of the city like to rest. One of such places -"The Square of Journalists". It was opened in 2007 and is dedicated to the memory of the dead journalists. In the park, planted more than 500 trees, a lot of shrubs and, of course, flowers. At the entrance to the square, you will see a stele with an inscription "Journalists who died for freedom of speech" And a clock-flower bed. On the main avenue there are comfortable benches for rest, to the left and to the right of the alley there are street cafes.
And this is only a small part of what can be told about Grozny. Just stroll around the city, feel the atmosphere, be amazed and rejoice, how quickly and successfully the city develops.
In addition to its cities, the Chechen Republic attracts the beauty of its nature. Among the natural attractions I advise you to visit:
- Argun Reserve and Argun Gorge.
- Andean Range and Lake Kezenoy - Am.
- Argun and Geghin waterfalls.
- Vedeno, Shatoi and Shalinsky reserves.
- The rivers Terek and Sunzha.
- The Tebulosmta Mountains (4493 m), Dikloshta (4285 m), Komito (4262 m), Donosmta (4174 m) and Maistimsta (4,082 m).
From historical sights in the Chechen Republic you can see:
- Derskaya watchtower.
The oldest tower of the Chechen Republic, miraculouslyPreserved until our days. It was built in the XII century, as a military structure. The height of the tower is about 23 meters, the uppermost level served as an observation point, from here you can see an excellent view of the mountain gorge. Inside the tower was reconstructed.
- Ushkaloy watchtowers.
The construction of the towers dates back to the Xl-Xll century. There are towers in the narrowest place of the Argun gorge. The towers are four-story, with a height of 12 meters. There are three versions about the designation of the Ushkaloy towers: the first - the towers were built as combat and served to protect the road, the second - the towers were customs, stood on the border of the territories and they charged the transfer fee. The third version - there used to be a tradition to build towers, and this served as an indicator of the nobility of the clan. Unfortunately, to this day, in its original form the towers have not survived. Now they are completely restored.
- Ancient city of Hoi An.
The name of the ancient city of Hoi An can be translated as"Settlement of guards". It is believed that the settlement is more than 1000 years old. Previously, this place was a fortress fortress. There is an ancient city on the edge of the mountain abyss, far below, along the bottom of the gorge, flows the mountain river Ansalt. Earlier, on the opposite edge of the gorge, there was also a watchtower, but, unfortunately, now nothing remains of it.
- Ancient city of Choi-Pede.
Among the high mountains, on the cliff, is locatedThe famous city of the dead - Choi-Pede, in translation "The Settlement of the Deity." The city of the dead is one of the largest necropolises of the Caucasus. The exact date of the funeral construction is not known, from about V century until XVll there were burials. On the territory of the city of the dead there are two towers and 42 crypts.
This is not all natural and historicalObjects of the Chechen Republic. Visiting this region you will discover a lot of new and interesting. You can better, learn this proud and hospitable people, hear a lot of legends, taste delicious local cuisine, and you will have enough impressions from the breathtaking beauty of nature for a long time!