Scientists believe that the Earth has repeatedly experienced times of total glaciation, and after him - global warming.
The climate is changing slowly, but these minor changes occur to this day.
Experts build forecasts, what changes await the planet in the near future.
Earth passes through cyclical periodsglaciation. Now the planet is in the interglacial period, which, according to scientists, to be completed after 25 thousand years. However, climate change is still happening. The periods of cooling periods are replaced by warming, and now this natural process is exacerbated due to human activity and the release of large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which already fail the natural lungs of the earth - green spaces. All this affects the climate.
Most scientists are inclined to believe thaton the planet will increase the temperature. However, this does not mean that will be warmer in all the corners of the Earth. For example, there is a theory that further warming of the Gulf Stream or completely cease to exist or diminish. And it was the Gulf Stream warms Europe, making the climate milder and her favorable.
Therefore, if the temperature in the Southern Hemisphererise in Europe, in contrast, may be cold. However, if this happens, any time soon. At the same time, in Europe much more affected by the heat, which in summer is much higher than normal, as well as drought. This has a negative effect on agriculture, and tourism.
In connection with the temperature increase at the polesglaciers will continue to melt, resulting in a rising sea level. In most areas the climate becomes more mild, it will not be as much difference between summer and winter temperatures. But also significantly expand the areas of drought, but in other places, on the contrary, will increase the amount of precipitation. It is expected to increase wind and increasing strength of tropical cyclones.
Climate change will affect, of course, andthe vast territory of Russia. Scientists predict that the greatest increase in temperature can be observed on the Arctic coast as well as in Siberia. In most of the country will increase the amount of precipitation. The only exception was the South-central region of Krasnoyarsk to Omsk, which will become more arid.