Scientists believe that the Earth has experienced several times the times of total glaciation, and after it - global warming.
The climate is changing slowly, but these minor changes are still going on.
Experts are building forecasts about what changes await the planet in the near future.
The Earth passes through cyclic periodsGlaciation. Now the planet is in the interglacial period, which, according to scientists, should be completed after 25 thousand years. However, climatic changes do occur. Cold spells are followed by periods of warming, and now this natural process is exacerbated by human activities and the release of a large amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which the natural lungs of the Earth - green plantations can no longer cope with. All this affects the climate.
Most scientists are inclined to believe thatThe temperature on the planet will grow. However, this does not mean that it will be warmer in all corners of the Earth without exception. For example, there is a theory that with further warming the Gulf Stream will either completely cease to exist or weaken. And it is the Gulf Stream that warms Europe, making the climate in it softer and more favorable.
Consequently, if in the southern hemisphere the temperatureWill rise, in Europe, on the contrary, it can get colder. However, if this happens, it will not be soon. At the present time, the territory of Europe is much more plagued by heat, which in summer far exceeds the norm, as well as from drought. This negatively affects both agriculture and tourism.
In connection with the increase in temperature at the polesThe glaciers will continue to melt, which will lead to an increase in the level of the world's oceans. In most areas, the climate will become softer, there will not be such a big difference between summer and winter temperatures. However, the areas of drought will also expand significantly, while in other places, on the contrary, the amount of precipitation will increase. It is expected to increase winds and increase the strength of tropical cyclones.
Climate change will undoubtedly affectVast territory of Russia. Scientists predict that the greatest increase in temperature can be observed on the Arctic coast, as well as in Siberia. In most of the country, the amount of precipitation will increase. The only exception is the south-central region from Krasnoyarsk to Omsk, which will become more arid.